[Urolithiasis in children in West Algeria].Ann Urol (Paris). 1997; 31(2):84-8.AU
We analyzed a series of 61 stones from children aged 3 to 14 years old using Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy. The calculi were collected from urology departments of the University Hospitals of Oran, Sidi-Bel-Abbès and Mostaganem in West Algeria. This series is the first investigation concerning the composition of stones in children based on infrared analysis. Calculi were more frequent in males (75.4%) and mainly localized in the bladder (55.8%). Upper urinary tract calculi were more frequent in children over the age of 10 years, and the sex ratio was about 1. Calcium oxalate monohydrate was present in 70.5% of stones and was the main component in 50.8% of cases both in whole stones and nuclei. In contrast, calcium oxalate dihydrate was the main component in only 9.8% of calculi although it was present in 75.4% of stones. Ammonium urate was detected in 29.5% of stones and was always the main component of nuclei. Uric acid, observed in 31.1% of calculi, was the major constituent in 14.7% of stones and 19.7% of nuclei. Magnesium ammonium phosphate was observed in 24.6% of stones as a consequence of urinary tract infection by urea-splitting bacteria. Our observations emphasized that the anatomical location of stone and their composition were in accordance with those previously reported in other countries.