Isolation of a new Orientia tsutsugamushi serotype.Microbiol Immunol. 1997; 41(6):437-43.MI
Orientia tsutsugamushi, the etiological agent of scrub typhus, is an antigenically diverse organism and many serologically distinct strains have been identified. The 56 kDa protein of O. tsutsugamushi, a major protein in the outer membrane, has been thought to be responsible for this antigenic variability. A strain of O. tsutsugamushi isolated in Korea cross-reacted with both Gilliam strain-specific and Karp strain-specific monoclonal antibodies. When its 56 kDa protein gene was cloned and analyzed, its sequence showed variation especially between 1,200 and 1,250 bp, showing that this isolate is a new O. tsutsugamushi strain.