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Lifestyle risk factors and coronary heart disease prevalence in Indian men.
J Assoc Physicians India. 1996 Oct; 44(10):689-93.JA

Abstract

To determine prevalence of various lifestyle coronary risk factors and their association with coronary heart disease (CHD) prevalence we studied 3397 Indian men (1982 rural, 1415 urban). A doctor-administered questionnaire, physical examination and electrocardiography was used. CHD was diagnosed by clinical history and electrocardiographic criteria. Lifestyle risk factor prevalence was: illiteracy 1238 (36%), nuclear family 575 (17%), crowded housing (> or = 3 persons/room) 837 (25%), > or = 4 children 881 (26%), smoking 1554 (46%), alcohol intake 592 (17%), non-vegeterian diet intake 835 (25%), high fat intake 1196 (35%), absence of prayer habit 2276 (67%), absent leisure-time physical activity 2832 (83%) and obesity (body-mass index > or = 27 Kg/M2) 265 (8%). In rural as compared to urban men there was a significantly higher prevalence of illiteracy (39% vs 33%), crowded housing (30% vs 17%), smoking (51% vs 39%), alcohol intake (19% vs 15%) and high fat intake (39% vs 29%) (p < 0.01). In urban as compared to rural men the prevalence of nuclear family (28% vs 9%), > or = 4 children (29% vs 24%), non-vegetarian diet intake (35% vs 17%) and sedentary lifestyle (86% vs 81%) was more. CHD prevalence was seen in 152 (4.5%). The prevalence of CHD was significantly more in urban men (urban 6.0% vs rural 3.4%, p < 0.001). Odds ratios (95% confidence intervals) for CHD and lifestyle risk factors showed significant positive associations with nuclear family 1.61 (1.15-2.24), > or = 4 children 2.10 (1.51-2.93), crowded housing 1.48 (1.04-2.10), sedentary lifestyle 1.47 (1.00-2.25) and smoking 1.30 (1.00-1.80), and inverse association with high fat intake 0.42 (0.28-0.63), and not with illiteracy 0.99 (0.70-1.39), alcohol intake 0.84 (0.53-1.32), non-vegeterian diet 0.89 (0.61-1.29), absent prayer habit 1.26 (0.88-1.81), or obesity 1.42 (0.83-1.32).

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Medicine, Monilek Hospital and Research Centre, Jawahar Nagar, Jaipur, India.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

9251341

Citation

Gupta, R. "Lifestyle Risk Factors and Coronary Heart Disease Prevalence in Indian Men." The Journal of the Association of Physicians of India, vol. 44, no. 10, 1996, pp. 689-93.
Gupta R. Lifestyle risk factors and coronary heart disease prevalence in Indian men. J Assoc Physicians India. 1996;44(10):689-93.
Gupta, R. (1996). Lifestyle risk factors and coronary heart disease prevalence in Indian men. The Journal of the Association of Physicians of India, 44(10), 689-93.
Gupta R. Lifestyle Risk Factors and Coronary Heart Disease Prevalence in Indian Men. J Assoc Physicians India. 1996;44(10):689-93. PubMed PMID: 9251341.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Lifestyle risk factors and coronary heart disease prevalence in Indian men. A1 - Gupta,R, PY - 1996/10/1/pubmed PY - 1996/10/1/medline PY - 1996/10/1/entrez SP - 689 EP - 93 JF - The Journal of the Association of Physicians of India JO - J Assoc Physicians India VL - 44 IS - 10 N2 - To determine prevalence of various lifestyle coronary risk factors and their association with coronary heart disease (CHD) prevalence we studied 3397 Indian men (1982 rural, 1415 urban). A doctor-administered questionnaire, physical examination and electrocardiography was used. CHD was diagnosed by clinical history and electrocardiographic criteria. Lifestyle risk factor prevalence was: illiteracy 1238 (36%), nuclear family 575 (17%), crowded housing (> or = 3 persons/room) 837 (25%), > or = 4 children 881 (26%), smoking 1554 (46%), alcohol intake 592 (17%), non-vegeterian diet intake 835 (25%), high fat intake 1196 (35%), absence of prayer habit 2276 (67%), absent leisure-time physical activity 2832 (83%) and obesity (body-mass index > or = 27 Kg/M2) 265 (8%). In rural as compared to urban men there was a significantly higher prevalence of illiteracy (39% vs 33%), crowded housing (30% vs 17%), smoking (51% vs 39%), alcohol intake (19% vs 15%) and high fat intake (39% vs 29%) (p < 0.01). In urban as compared to rural men the prevalence of nuclear family (28% vs 9%), > or = 4 children (29% vs 24%), non-vegetarian diet intake (35% vs 17%) and sedentary lifestyle (86% vs 81%) was more. CHD prevalence was seen in 152 (4.5%). The prevalence of CHD was significantly more in urban men (urban 6.0% vs rural 3.4%, p < 0.001). Odds ratios (95% confidence intervals) for CHD and lifestyle risk factors showed significant positive associations with nuclear family 1.61 (1.15-2.24), > or = 4 children 2.10 (1.51-2.93), crowded housing 1.48 (1.04-2.10), sedentary lifestyle 1.47 (1.00-2.25) and smoking 1.30 (1.00-1.80), and inverse association with high fat intake 0.42 (0.28-0.63), and not with illiteracy 0.99 (0.70-1.39), alcohol intake 0.84 (0.53-1.32), non-vegeterian diet 0.89 (0.61-1.29), absent prayer habit 1.26 (0.88-1.81), or obesity 1.42 (0.83-1.32). SN - 0004-5772 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/9251341/Lifestyle_risk_factors_and_coronary_heart_disease_prevalence_in_Indian_men_ DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -