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HIV-1 and HIV-2 in Ghana, west Africa: community surveys compared to surveys of pregnant women.
West Afr J Med. 1997 May-Jun; 16(2):102-8.WA

Abstract

We conducted a population-based serosurvey of HIV-1/2 in 2,410 residents of two urban and two rural areas of southern Ghana, West Africa and compared the results to serosurveys of 1,417 pregnant women. Using conservative criteria, we found the prevalence of HIV-1/2 in community survey adults (> 15 years old) to be 1.5% in women and 1.0% in men. Among pregnant women, the prevalence was 9.3% in one rural area but only 1.0% in other areas. Many samples, especially among the pregnant women were HIV-1 and -2 dual reactive on serology. We attribute the disparity between prevalence in the community survey participants and pregnant women to local socio-economic factors. Women in this area have a tradition of working throughout West Africa as trader/ commercial sex workers. When pregnant or ill, they return to their home villages to be with their families. HIV surveillance programs which rely on pregnant women need to be sure that sampled populations are truly typical of the communities they are intended to represent.

Authors+Show Affiliations

UGMS Accra Ghana.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Comparative Study
Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

9257546

Citation

Neequaye, A R., et al. "HIV-1 and HIV-2 in Ghana, West Africa: Community Surveys Compared to Surveys of Pregnant Women." West African Journal of Medicine, vol. 16, no. 2, 1997, pp. 102-8.
Neequaye AR, Neequaye JE, Biggar RJ, et al. HIV-1 and HIV-2 in Ghana, west Africa: community surveys compared to surveys of pregnant women. West Afr J Med. 1997;16(2):102-8.
Neequaye, A. R., Neequaye, J. E., Biggar, R. J., Mingle, J. A., Drummond, J., & Waters, D. (1997). HIV-1 and HIV-2 in Ghana, west Africa: community surveys compared to surveys of pregnant women. West African Journal of Medicine, 16(2), 102-8.
Neequaye AR, et al. HIV-1 and HIV-2 in Ghana, West Africa: Community Surveys Compared to Surveys of Pregnant Women. West Afr J Med. 1997 May-Jun;16(2):102-8. PubMed PMID: 9257546.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - HIV-1 and HIV-2 in Ghana, west Africa: community surveys compared to surveys of pregnant women. AU - Neequaye,A R, AU - Neequaye,J E, AU - Biggar,R J, AU - Mingle,J A, AU - Drummond,J, AU - Waters,D, PY - 1997/5/1/pubmed PY - 1997/5/1/medline PY - 1997/5/1/entrez KW - Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome KW - Africa KW - Africa South Of The Sahara KW - Cross Sectional Analysis KW - Demographic Factors KW - Developing Countries KW - Diseases KW - English Speaking Africa KW - Ghana KW - Hiv Infections KW - Measurement KW - Population KW - Population Characteristics KW - Pregnant Women KW - Prevalence KW - Research Methodology KW - Research Report KW - Viral Diseases KW - Western Africa SP - 102 EP - 8 JF - West African journal of medicine JO - West Afr J Med VL - 16 IS - 2 N2 - We conducted a population-based serosurvey of HIV-1/2 in 2,410 residents of two urban and two rural areas of southern Ghana, West Africa and compared the results to serosurveys of 1,417 pregnant women. Using conservative criteria, we found the prevalence of HIV-1/2 in community survey adults (> 15 years old) to be 1.5% in women and 1.0% in men. Among pregnant women, the prevalence was 9.3% in one rural area but only 1.0% in other areas. Many samples, especially among the pregnant women were HIV-1 and -2 dual reactive on serology. We attribute the disparity between prevalence in the community survey participants and pregnant women to local socio-economic factors. Women in this area have a tradition of working throughout West Africa as trader/ commercial sex workers. When pregnant or ill, they return to their home villages to be with their families. HIV surveillance programs which rely on pregnant women need to be sure that sampled populations are truly typical of the communities they are intended to represent. SN - 0189-160X UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/9257546/HIV_1_and_HIV_2_in_Ghana_west_Africa:_community_surveys_compared_to_surveys_of_pregnant_women_ L2 - http://www.diseaseinfosearch.org/result/9735 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -