Acquired resistance to experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis is independent of V beta usage.Cell Immunol. 1997 Jul 10; 179(1):55-65.CI
In Lewis rats, activated encephalitogenic T-helper cells elicit a single bout of experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE). Recovery from EAE is marked by reduced susceptibility to disease reinduction. The purpose of this study was to determine whether a dominant expression of V beta gene segments by encephalitogenic T cells was required for development of recovery-associated resistance. Several polyclonal and monoclonal T cell lines were derived from Lewis rats sensitized with R72-86, a synthetic peptide representing the 72- to 86-amino-acid sequence of rat myelin basic protein (RMBP). The results revealed broad heterogeneity among encephalitogenic T cells specific for R72-86 in regard to V beta expression and CDR3 sequence. Encephalitogenic clones exclusively bearing either V beta 4 or V beta 10 TCR or polyclonal T cells bearing heterogeneous TCR transferred EAE to recipient rats and elicited resistance to EAE as revealed by subsequent challenge with guinea pig (GP)MBP in complete Freund's adjuvant (CFA). Nonpathogenic V beta 3+ and V beta 8.6+ clones specific for the 68-86 and 55-66 regions of MBP, respectively, did not elicit effective protection from EAE. These data indicate that induction of postrecovery resistance to EAE does not depend upon a particular V beta usage.