Biofeedback is effective therapy for fecal incontinence and constipation.Arch Surg 1997; 132(8):829-33; discussion 833-4AS
To define the role of biofeedback in fecal incontinence and constipation.
A case series of patients with fecal incontinence or constipation with pelvic floor dysfunction.
Tertiary care center with an anorectal physiology laboratory.
Patients with 1 of the following: (1) chronic or acute fecal incontinence, (2) fecal incontinence and neurologic injury, or (3) constipation with pelvic floor dysfunction.
Electromyogram-guided biofeedback retraining of the pelvic floor.
MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES
Resolution of electromyographic abnormalities and subjective resolution of fecal incontinence or constipation.
Of the patients with fecal incontinence, 92% experienced significant improvement with biofeedback without significant improvement in electromyographic values. Of the patients with constipation and pelvic floor dysfunction 80% experienced improvement with biofeedback without significant change in electromyographic values.
Biofeedback is effective in selected patients with fecal incontinence and constipation with pelvic floor dysfunction.