Seasonal variation in low density lipoprotein oxidation and antioxidant status.Free Radic Res 1997; 27(1):89-96FR
Accumulating evidence indicates that oxidative modification of low-density lipoproteins is atherogenic and that antioxidants may play a role in protection of LDL against oxidation. Several studies have reported a seasonal fluctuation in antioxidant levels, but to date nothing is known about seasonal fluctuations in parameters of oxidizability. We collected blood from 10 volunteers at four different periods over one year (February, May, September and December), and measured the amount of plasma lipids, plasma antioxidants, lipid and fatty acid composition of the LDL particle, LDL antioxidant content, LDL particle size and oxidation parameters (lag time and propagation rate). No seasonal fluctuation for lag time and propagation rate of copper ion-induced LDL oxidation was found. Small seasonal fluctuations were observed for some determinants of LDL oxidation, e.g. plasma and LDL vitamin E and LDL particle size, and for plasma lipids, plasma and LDL lutein and LDL beta-carotene. Fatty acid composition of LDL did not change during the year. The main determinant of oxidation susceptibility was the fatty acid composition of LDL. We conclude that LDL oxidation parameters do not change over the year.