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[Microsurgical anatomical study of the wall of the cavernous sinus].
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi. 1996 Nov; 76(11):855-8.ZY

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

To observe the microanatomical structures of the wall of cavernous sinus (CS) in order to provide anatomical basis for direct microsurgical operation to the CS.

METHODS

48 aides of the CS of adult cadavers were dissected in detail under operative microscope.

RESULTS

The CS was a narrow and long irregular hexahedron in shape. The supperior wall, the posterior wall and the superficial dural layer of the lateral wall of the CS were formed by internal layer of the cerebral dura. The deep layer of the interal wall was formed by the sheaths of nerves II, IV, V1, V2 with a reticular membrane between these sheaths. There was a superficial compartment between the superficial layer and deep layer of the lateral wall in 31.25% of the specimens. The inferior wall of the CS was intracranial periosteum. The medial wall was formed by stretched fibres from the tentorium of hypophysis. The anterior aspect was formed by the sphenoid sinus and the superior orbital fissure. Direct microsurgical approaches to the CS via the medial trangles of the superior wall and Parkinson tranales of the lateral wall were most important.

CONCLUSION

A microanatomical structure of the wall of the CS is provided for direct microsurgical operation to the CS, and the direct microsurgical approaches are discussed.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Neurosurgery, General Hospital of Shenyang Army.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

English Abstract
Journal Article

Language

chi

PubMed ID

9275540

Citation

Xu, Z, et al. "[Microsurgical Anatomical Study of the Wall of the Cavernous Sinus]." Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi, vol. 76, no. 11, 1996, pp. 855-8.
Xu Z, Wei X, Zhao C. [Microsurgical anatomical study of the wall of the cavernous sinus]. Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi. 1996;76(11):855-8.
Xu, Z., Wei, X., & Zhao, C. (1996). [Microsurgical anatomical study of the wall of the cavernous sinus]. Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi, 76(11), 855-8.
Xu Z, Wei X, Zhao C. [Microsurgical Anatomical Study of the Wall of the Cavernous Sinus]. Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi. 1996;76(11):855-8. PubMed PMID: 9275540.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - [Microsurgical anatomical study of the wall of the cavernous sinus]. AU - Xu,Z, AU - Wei,X, AU - Zhao,C, PY - 1996/11/1/pubmed PY - 1996/11/1/medline PY - 1996/11/1/entrez SP - 855 EP - 8 JF - Zhonghua yi xue za zhi JO - Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi VL - 76 IS - 11 N2 - OBJECTIVE: To observe the microanatomical structures of the wall of cavernous sinus (CS) in order to provide anatomical basis for direct microsurgical operation to the CS. METHODS: 48 aides of the CS of adult cadavers were dissected in detail under operative microscope. RESULTS: The CS was a narrow and long irregular hexahedron in shape. The supperior wall, the posterior wall and the superficial dural layer of the lateral wall of the CS were formed by internal layer of the cerebral dura. The deep layer of the interal wall was formed by the sheaths of nerves II, IV, V1, V2 with a reticular membrane between these sheaths. There was a superficial compartment between the superficial layer and deep layer of the lateral wall in 31.25% of the specimens. The inferior wall of the CS was intracranial periosteum. The medial wall was formed by stretched fibres from the tentorium of hypophysis. The anterior aspect was formed by the sphenoid sinus and the superior orbital fissure. Direct microsurgical approaches to the CS via the medial trangles of the superior wall and Parkinson tranales of the lateral wall were most important. CONCLUSION: A microanatomical structure of the wall of the CS is provided for direct microsurgical operation to the CS, and the direct microsurgical approaches are discussed. SN - 0376-2491 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/9275540/[Microsurgical_anatomical_study_of_the_wall_of_the_cavernous_sinus]_ L2 - http://journal.yiigle.com/LinkIn.do?linkin_type=pubmed&issn=0376-2491&year=1996&vol=76&issue=11&fpage=855 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -
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