Hyperhydration: thermoregulatory effects during compensable exercise-heat stress.J Appl Physiol (1985). 1997 Sep; 83(3):860-6.JA
This study examined the effects of hyperhydration on thermoregulatory responses during compensable exercise-heat stress. The general approach was to determine whether 1-h preexercise hyperhydration [29. 1 ml/kg lean body mass; with or without glycerol (1.2 g/kg lean body mass)] would improve sweating responses and reduce core temperature during exercise. During these experiments, the evaporative heat loss required (Ereq = 293 W/m2) to maintain steady-state core temperature was less than the maximal capacity (Emax = 462 W/m2) of the climate for evaporative heat loss (Ereq/Emax = 63%). Eight heat-acclimated men completed five trials: euhydration, glycerol hyperhydration, and water hyperhydration both with and without rehydration (replace sweat loss during exercise). During exercise in the heat (35 degrees C, 45% relative humidity), there was no difference between hyperhydration methods for increasing total body water (approximately 1.5 liters). Compared with euhydration, hyperhydration did not alter core temperature, skin temperature, whole body sweating rate, local sweating rate, sweating threshold temperature, sweating sensitivity, or heart rate responses. Similarly, no difference was found between water and glycerol hyperhydration for these physiological responses. These data demonstrate that hyperhydration provides no thermoregulatory advantage over the maintenance of euhydration during compensable exercise-heat stress.