In vitro generation of allospecific human CD8+ T cells of Tc1 and Tc2 phenotype.Blood. 1997 Sep 01; 90(5):2089-96.Blood
We have previously shown that allospecific murine CD8+ T cells of the Tc1 and Tc2 phenotype could be generated in vitro, and that such functionally defined T-cell subsets mediated a graft-versus-leukemia (GVL) effect with reduced graft-versus-host disease (GVHD). To evaluate whether analogous Tc1 and Tc2 subsets might be generated in humans, CD8+ T cells were allostimulated in the presence of either interleukin-12 (IL-12) and transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) (Tc1 culture) or IL-4 (Tc2 culture). Tc1-type CD8 cells secreted the type I cytokines IL-2 and interferon gamma (IFN-gamma), whereas Tc2-type cells primarily secreted the type II cytokines IL-4, IL-5, and IL-10. Both cytokine-secreting populations effectively lysed tumor targets when stimulated with anti-T-cell receptor (TCR) antibody; allospecificity of Tc1- and Tc2-mediated cytolytic function was demonstrated using bone marrow-derived stimulator cells as targets. In addition, both Tc1 and Tc2 subsets were capable of mediating cytolysis through the fas pathway. We therefore conclude that allospecific human CD8+ T cells of Tc1 and Tc2 phenotype can be generated in vitro, and that these T-cell populations may be important for the mediation and regulation of allogeneic transplantation responses.