Comparison of once daily mometasone furoate (Nasonex) and fluticasone propionate aqueous nasal sprays for the treatment of perennial rhinitis. The 194-079 Study Group.Ann Allergy Asthma Immunol. 1997 Sep; 79(3):237-45.AA
Mometasone furoate (Nasonex), in a new once-daily aqueous nasal spray formulation, has been shown to be as effective and well-tolerated as twice-daily beclomethasone dipropionate aqueous nasal spray in treating symptoms of seasonal allergic rhinitis and perennial rhinitis.
To compare the effectiveness and tolerability of mometasone furoate to placebo and to fluticasone propionate aqueous nasal spray, all treatments administered once-daily, in patients with perennial rhinitis.
This was a 3-month, randomized, double-blind, double dummy, parallel group study in 550 patients, aged 12 to 77 years, at 25 centers in Canada, Latin America, and Europe. Patients allergic to at least one perennial allergen, with confirmed allergy history, skin test positivity, and moderate to severe symptomatology, were eligible to receive one of the following treatments, once daily in the morning: mometasone furoate 200 micrograms, fluticasone propionate 200 micrograms, or placebo. The primary efficacy variable was the change from baseline in total AM plus PM diary nasal symptom score over the first 15 days of treatment.
Four hundred fifty-nine patients were valid for efficacy. For the primary efficacy variable, mometasone furoate was significantly (P < .01) more effective than placebo and was not statistically different from fluticasone propionate (percent reductions from baseline were 37, 39, and 22 for mometasone furoate, fluticasone propionate, and placebo, respectively). Generally, similar trends were seen for physician-evaluated total nasal symptoms, and patient-rated and physician-rated overall condition and response to therapy. Overall, mometasone furoate was at least as effective as fluticasone propionate at equivalent doses. There was no evidence of tachyphylaxis. All treatments were well tolerated.
Mometasone furoate and fluticasone propionate adequately controlled symptoms of perennial rhinitis and were well tolerated.