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Sudden sensorineural hearing loss following nonotologic, noncardiopulmonary bypass surgery.
Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 1997; 123(9):994-8AO

Abstract

OBJECTIVES

To report 3 cases of sudden sensorineural hearing loss (SSHL) following nonotologic surgery in which cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) surgery was not involved and to review reports in the literature of similar cases.

DATA SOURCES

Clinical records and MEDLINE and Healthstar databases.

STUDY SELECTION

Reports in the world literature of cases of SSHL following nonotologic, non-CPB surgery.

DATA SYNTHESIS

While said to be more common after CPB surgery, fewer than 20 cases of SSHL following non-otologic, non-CPB surgery have been reported. A number of proposed causes of SSHL temporally related to non-otologic, non-CPB surgery have been theorized; however, the true cause is unknown. This report presents 3 cases of SSHL following nonotologic, non-CPB surgery. Two patients had profound unilateral loss; 1 had moderate bilateral loss. None of the patients demonstrated recovery despite diuretic and prednisone therapy; in approximately 30% of the cases reported to date, the patients experienced significant improvement.

CONCLUSIONS

Sudden sensorineural hearing loss following nonotologic, non-CPB surgery is rare, and its cause remains unknown. The scarcity of reports of SSHL following nonotologic, non-CPB surgery raises the possibility that the apparent association may be spurious.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, St Louis University School of Medicine, Mo, USA.No affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Case Reports
Journal Article
Review

Language

eng

PubMed ID

9305253

Citation

Cox, A J., and E W. Sargent. "Sudden Sensorineural Hearing Loss Following Nonotologic, Noncardiopulmonary Bypass Surgery." Archives of Otolaryngology--head & Neck Surgery, vol. 123, no. 9, 1997, pp. 994-8.
Cox AJ, Sargent EW. Sudden sensorineural hearing loss following nonotologic, noncardiopulmonary bypass surgery. Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 1997;123(9):994-8.
Cox, A. J., & Sargent, E. W. (1997). Sudden sensorineural hearing loss following nonotologic, noncardiopulmonary bypass surgery. Archives of Otolaryngology--head & Neck Surgery, 123(9), pp. 994-8.
Cox AJ, Sargent EW. Sudden Sensorineural Hearing Loss Following Nonotologic, Noncardiopulmonary Bypass Surgery. Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 1997;123(9):994-8. PubMed PMID: 9305253.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Sudden sensorineural hearing loss following nonotologic, noncardiopulmonary bypass surgery. AU - Cox,A J,3rd AU - Sargent,E W, PY - 1997/9/26/pubmed PY - 2001/3/28/medline PY - 1997/9/26/entrez SP - 994 EP - 8 JF - Archives of otolaryngology--head & neck surgery JO - Arch. Otolaryngol. Head Neck Surg. VL - 123 IS - 9 N2 - OBJECTIVES: To report 3 cases of sudden sensorineural hearing loss (SSHL) following nonotologic surgery in which cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) surgery was not involved and to review reports in the literature of similar cases. DATA SOURCES: Clinical records and MEDLINE and Healthstar databases. STUDY SELECTION: Reports in the world literature of cases of SSHL following nonotologic, non-CPB surgery. DATA SYNTHESIS: While said to be more common after CPB surgery, fewer than 20 cases of SSHL following non-otologic, non-CPB surgery have been reported. A number of proposed causes of SSHL temporally related to non-otologic, non-CPB surgery have been theorized; however, the true cause is unknown. This report presents 3 cases of SSHL following nonotologic, non-CPB surgery. Two patients had profound unilateral loss; 1 had moderate bilateral loss. None of the patients demonstrated recovery despite diuretic and prednisone therapy; in approximately 30% of the cases reported to date, the patients experienced significant improvement. CONCLUSIONS: Sudden sensorineural hearing loss following nonotologic, non-CPB surgery is rare, and its cause remains unknown. The scarcity of reports of SSHL following nonotologic, non-CPB surgery raises the possibility that the apparent association may be spurious. SN - 0886-4470 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/9305253/Sudden_sensorineural_hearing_loss_following_nonotologic_noncardiopulmonary_bypass_surgery_ L2 - https://jamanetwork.com/journals/jamaotolaryngology/fullarticle/vol/123/pg/994 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -