Nitric oxide sensitivity of the aconitases.J Biol Chem. 1997 Oct 03; 272(40):25071-6.JB
Aconitases are important cellular targets of nitric oxide (NO.) toxicity, and NO.-derived species, rather than NO. per se, have been proposed to mediate their inactivation. NO.-mediated inactivation of the Escherichia coli aconitase and the porcine mitochondrial aconitase was investigated. In E. coli, aconitase activity decreased by approximately 70% during a 2-h exposure to an atmosphere containing 120 ppm NO. in N2. The NO.-inactivated aconitase reactivated poorly in E. coli under anaerobic or aerobic conditions. Elevated superoxide dismutase activity did not affect the aerobic inactivation of aconitase by NO., thus indicating a limited role of the NO.- and superoxide-derived species peroxynitrite. Glutathione-deficient and glutathione-containing E. coli were comparably sensitive to NO.-mediated aconitase inactivation, thus excluding the participation of S-nitrosoglutathione or more oxidizing NO.-derived species. NO. progressively decreased aconitase activity in extracts in the presence of substrates, and inactivation was greatest at an acidic pH with cis-aconitate. The porcine mitochondrial aconitase was sensitive to NO. when exposed at pH 6.5, but not at pH 7.5, and irreversible inactivation occurred during catalysis. The requirement of an acidic pH or substrates for sensitivity may explain the reported resistance of aconitases to NO. in vitro (Castro, L., Rodriguez, M., and Radi, R. (1994) J. Biol. Chem. 269, 29409-29415; Hausladen, A., and Fridovich, I. (1994) J. Biol. Chem. 269, 29405-29408). An S-nitrosation of the aconitase [4Fe-4S] center catalyzed by the solvent-exposed electron withdrawing iron atom (Fea) is proposed.