Tags

Type your tag names separated by a space and hit enter

State gun safe storage laws and child mortality due to firearms.
JAMA 1997; 278(13):1084-6JAMA

Abstract

CONTEXT

Since 1989, several states have passed laws that make gun owners criminally liable if someone is injured because a child gains unsupervised access to a gun. These laws are controversial, and their effect on firearm-related injuries is unknown.

OBJECTIVE

To determine if state laws that require safe storage of firearms are associated with a reduction in child mortality due to firearms.

DESIGN

An ecological study of firearm mortality from 1979 through 1994.

SETTING

All 50 states and the District of Columbia.

PARTICIPANTS

All children younger than 15 years.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES

Unintentional deaths, suicides, and homicides due to firearms.

RESULTS

Laws that make gun owners responsible for storing firearms in a manner that makes them inaccessible to children were in effect for at least 1 year in 12 states from 1990 through 1994. Among children younger than 15 years, unintentional shooting deaths were reduced by 23% (95% confidence interval, 6%-37%) during the years covered by these laws. This estimate was based on within-state comparisons adjusted for national trends in unintentional firearm-related mortality. Gun-related homicide and suicide showed modest declines, but these were not statistically significant.

CONCLUSIONS

State safe storage laws intended to make firearms less accessible to children appear to prevent unintentional shooting deaths among children younger than 15 years.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Harborview Injury Prevention and Research Center, University of Washington, Seattle 98104-2499, USA. peterc@u.washington.eduNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

Language

eng

PubMed ID

9315767

Citation

Cummings, P, et al. "State Gun Safe Storage Laws and Child Mortality Due to Firearms." JAMA, vol. 278, no. 13, 1997, pp. 1084-6.
Cummings P, Grossman DC, Rivara FP, et al. State gun safe storage laws and child mortality due to firearms. JAMA. 1997;278(13):1084-6.
Cummings, P., Grossman, D. C., Rivara, F. P., & Koepsell, T. D. (1997). State gun safe storage laws and child mortality due to firearms. JAMA, 278(13), pp. 1084-6.
Cummings P, et al. State Gun Safe Storage Laws and Child Mortality Due to Firearms. JAMA. 1997 Oct 1;278(13):1084-6. PubMed PMID: 9315767.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - State gun safe storage laws and child mortality due to firearms. AU - Cummings,P, AU - Grossman,D C, AU - Rivara,F P, AU - Koepsell,T D, PY - 1997/10/7/pubmed PY - 1997/10/7/medline PY - 1997/10/7/entrez SP - 1084 EP - 6 JF - JAMA JO - JAMA VL - 278 IS - 13 N2 - CONTEXT: Since 1989, several states have passed laws that make gun owners criminally liable if someone is injured because a child gains unsupervised access to a gun. These laws are controversial, and their effect on firearm-related injuries is unknown. OBJECTIVE: To determine if state laws that require safe storage of firearms are associated with a reduction in child mortality due to firearms. DESIGN: An ecological study of firearm mortality from 1979 through 1994. SETTING: All 50 states and the District of Columbia. PARTICIPANTS: All children younger than 15 years. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Unintentional deaths, suicides, and homicides due to firearms. RESULTS: Laws that make gun owners responsible for storing firearms in a manner that makes them inaccessible to children were in effect for at least 1 year in 12 states from 1990 through 1994. Among children younger than 15 years, unintentional shooting deaths were reduced by 23% (95% confidence interval, 6%-37%) during the years covered by these laws. This estimate was based on within-state comparisons adjusted for national trends in unintentional firearm-related mortality. Gun-related homicide and suicide showed modest declines, but these were not statistically significant. CONCLUSIONS: State safe storage laws intended to make firearms less accessible to children appear to prevent unintentional shooting deaths among children younger than 15 years. SN - 0098-7484 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/9315767/State_gun_safe_storage_laws_and_child_mortality_due_to_firearms_ L2 - https://jamanetwork.com/journals/jama/fullarticle/vol/278/pg/1084 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -