Tags

Type your tag names separated by a space and hit enter

Promoting clinical involvement in hospital quality improvement efforts: the effects of top management, board, and physician leadership.
Health Serv Res. 1997 Oct; 32(4):491-510.HS

Abstract

STUDY QUESTION

An examination of the effects of top management, board, and physician leadership for quality on the extent of clinical involvement in hospital CQI/TQM efforts.

DATA SOURCES

A sample of 2,193 acute care community hospitals, created by merging data from a 1989 national survey on hospital governance and a 1993 national survey on hospital quality improvement efforts.

STUDY DESIGN

Hypotheses were tested using Heckman's two-stage modeling approach. Four dimensions of clinical involvement in CQI/TQM were examined: physician participation in formal QI training, physician participation in QI teams, clinical departments with formally organized QA/QI project teams, and clinical conditions and procedures for which quality of care data are used by formally organized QA/QI project teams. Leadership measures included CEO involvement in CQI/TQM, board quality monitoring, board activity in quality improvement, active-staff physician involvement in governance, and physician-at-large involvement in governance. Relevant control variables were included in the analysis.

PRINCIPAL FINDINGS

Measures of top management leadership for quality and board leadership for quality showed significant, positive relationships with measures of clinical involvement in CQI/TQM. Active-staff physician involvement in governance showed positive, significant relationships with clinical involvement measures, while physician-at-large involvement in governance showed significant, negative relationships.

CONCLUSIONS

Study results suggest that leadership from the top promotes clinical involvement in CQI/TQM. Further, results indicate that leadership for quality in healthcare settings may issue from several sources, including managers, boards, and physician leaders.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Tulane University Medical Center, School of Public Health and Tropical Medicine, New Orleans, LA 70112-2699, USA. bweiner@mailhost.tcs.tulane.eduNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

9327815

Citation

Weiner, B J., et al. "Promoting Clinical Involvement in Hospital Quality Improvement Efforts: the Effects of Top Management, Board, and Physician Leadership." Health Services Research, vol. 32, no. 4, 1997, pp. 491-510.
Weiner BJ, Shortell SM, Alexander J. Promoting clinical involvement in hospital quality improvement efforts: the effects of top management, board, and physician leadership. Health Serv Res. 1997;32(4):491-510.
Weiner, B. J., Shortell, S. M., & Alexander, J. (1997). Promoting clinical involvement in hospital quality improvement efforts: the effects of top management, board, and physician leadership. Health Services Research, 32(4), 491-510.
Weiner BJ, Shortell SM, Alexander J. Promoting Clinical Involvement in Hospital Quality Improvement Efforts: the Effects of Top Management, Board, and Physician Leadership. Health Serv Res. 1997;32(4):491-510. PubMed PMID: 9327815.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Promoting clinical involvement in hospital quality improvement efforts: the effects of top management, board, and physician leadership. AU - Weiner,B J, AU - Shortell,S M, AU - Alexander,J, PY - 1997/11/5/pubmed PY - 1997/11/5/medline PY - 1997/11/5/entrez SP - 491 EP - 510 JF - Health services research JO - Health Serv Res VL - 32 IS - 4 N2 - STUDY QUESTION: An examination of the effects of top management, board, and physician leadership for quality on the extent of clinical involvement in hospital CQI/TQM efforts. DATA SOURCES: A sample of 2,193 acute care community hospitals, created by merging data from a 1989 national survey on hospital governance and a 1993 national survey on hospital quality improvement efforts. STUDY DESIGN: Hypotheses were tested using Heckman's two-stage modeling approach. Four dimensions of clinical involvement in CQI/TQM were examined: physician participation in formal QI training, physician participation in QI teams, clinical departments with formally organized QA/QI project teams, and clinical conditions and procedures for which quality of care data are used by formally organized QA/QI project teams. Leadership measures included CEO involvement in CQI/TQM, board quality monitoring, board activity in quality improvement, active-staff physician involvement in governance, and physician-at-large involvement in governance. Relevant control variables were included in the analysis. PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: Measures of top management leadership for quality and board leadership for quality showed significant, positive relationships with measures of clinical involvement in CQI/TQM. Active-staff physician involvement in governance showed positive, significant relationships with clinical involvement measures, while physician-at-large involvement in governance showed significant, negative relationships. CONCLUSIONS: Study results suggest that leadership from the top promotes clinical involvement in CQI/TQM. Further, results indicate that leadership for quality in healthcare settings may issue from several sources, including managers, boards, and physician leaders. SN - 0017-9124 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/9327815/Promoting_clinical_involvement_in_hospital_quality_improvement_efforts:_the_effects_of_top_management_board_and_physician_leadership_ L2 - https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/pmid/9327815/ DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -