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Prevalence and outcome of uveitis in a regional cohort of patients with juvenile rheumatoid arthritis.
J Rheumatol. 1997 Oct; 24(10):2031-4.JR

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

To determine the prevalence and outcome of chronic uveitis in patients with juvenile rheumatoid arthritis (JRA).

METHODS

A retrospective analysis of 760 patients with JRA followed in 4 pediatric rheumatology centers. Patients with chronic uveitis were identified and their medical and ophthalmologic records were reviewed.

RESULTS

Seventy-four patients with uveitis were identified. The prevalence of uveitis was 9.3%. The mean interval from the onset of JRA to the onset of uveitis was 21 months, and 90% of the patients who developed uveitis did so within the first 4 years of their disease. Visual complications (synechiae, band keratopathy, cataract, or glaucoma) developed in 31% of the patients with uveitis. Complications were more common in patients who presented with uveitis early in the course of their JRA. Complications were also more common in antinuclear antibody (ANA) negative than in ANA positive patients. Visual loss to 20/50 or worse occurred in only 11% of patients with uveitis, and no patient became blind.

CONCLUSION

In a very large cohort of patients with JRA, uveitis was uncommon and poor visual outcome was rare. Visual complications did not necessarily result in a poor outcome.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Division of Pediatric Rheumatology, Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Multicenter Study

Language

eng

PubMed ID

9330949

Citation

Chalom, E C., et al. "Prevalence and Outcome of Uveitis in a Regional Cohort of Patients With Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthritis." The Journal of Rheumatology, vol. 24, no. 10, 1997, pp. 2031-4.
Chalom EC, Goldsmith DP, Koehler MA, et al. Prevalence and outcome of uveitis in a regional cohort of patients with juvenile rheumatoid arthritis. J Rheumatol. 1997;24(10):2031-4.
Chalom, E. C., Goldsmith, D. P., Koehler, M. A., Bittar, B., Rose, C. D., Ostrov, B. E., & Keenan, G. F. (1997). Prevalence and outcome of uveitis in a regional cohort of patients with juvenile rheumatoid arthritis. The Journal of Rheumatology, 24(10), 2031-4.
Chalom EC, et al. Prevalence and Outcome of Uveitis in a Regional Cohort of Patients With Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthritis. J Rheumatol. 1997;24(10):2031-4. PubMed PMID: 9330949.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Prevalence and outcome of uveitis in a regional cohort of patients with juvenile rheumatoid arthritis. AU - Chalom,E C, AU - Goldsmith,D P, AU - Koehler,M A, AU - Bittar,B, AU - Rose,C D, AU - Ostrov,B E, AU - Keenan,G F, PY - 1997/10/23/pubmed PY - 1997/10/23/medline PY - 1997/10/23/entrez SP - 2031 EP - 4 JF - The Journal of rheumatology JO - J Rheumatol VL - 24 IS - 10 N2 - OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence and outcome of chronic uveitis in patients with juvenile rheumatoid arthritis (JRA). METHODS: A retrospective analysis of 760 patients with JRA followed in 4 pediatric rheumatology centers. Patients with chronic uveitis were identified and their medical and ophthalmologic records were reviewed. RESULTS: Seventy-four patients with uveitis were identified. The prevalence of uveitis was 9.3%. The mean interval from the onset of JRA to the onset of uveitis was 21 months, and 90% of the patients who developed uveitis did so within the first 4 years of their disease. Visual complications (synechiae, band keratopathy, cataract, or glaucoma) developed in 31% of the patients with uveitis. Complications were more common in patients who presented with uveitis early in the course of their JRA. Complications were also more common in antinuclear antibody (ANA) negative than in ANA positive patients. Visual loss to 20/50 or worse occurred in only 11% of patients with uveitis, and no patient became blind. CONCLUSION: In a very large cohort of patients with JRA, uveitis was uncommon and poor visual outcome was rare. Visual complications did not necessarily result in a poor outcome. SN - 0315-162X UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/9330949/Prevalence_and_outcome_of_uveitis_in_a_regional_cohort_of_patients_with_juvenile_rheumatoid_arthritis_ L2 - https://facultyopinions.com/pubmed/9330949 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -