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[Post-occupational exposure HIV infection in health workers: an update and preventive measures].
Acta Med Port. 1997 Jun-Jul; 10(6-7):469-78.AM

Abstract

The author reviews the worldwide references concerning the problem of HIV infection in health care workers (HCW) after occupational exposure in its different aspects: infection risk rate (0.36-0.4%); common types of exposure (percutaneous, contact, and mucomembranous); main risk factors related to the lesion, the patient (donor) and HCW (receptor); and preventive attitude to be adopted. In what concerns prevention, the author emphasises the universal precautions (nosocomial infection prevention) and drug prophylaxis with anti retroviral drugs-reasons for administration, inclusion and exclusion criteria, and the doubts and certainties regarding the risk-benefit, dosage, duration of treatment, and follow-up. Based on current facts, a management guideline, that is in practice in Santa Maria Hospital, is proposed to challenge this controversial condition, including post-exposure drug use and its effect on hospital policy. The future perspective is described, bearing in mind all the facilities available.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Servio de Doenças Infecciosas, Hospital de Santa Maria, Lisboa.

Pub Type(s)

English Abstract
Journal Article
Review

Language

por

PubMed ID

9341039

Citation

Boaventura, J L.. "[Post-occupational Exposure HIV Infection in Health Workers: an Update and Preventive Measures]." Acta Medica Portuguesa, vol. 10, no. 6-7, 1997, pp. 469-78.
Boaventura JL. [Post-occupational exposure HIV infection in health workers: an update and preventive measures]. Acta Med Port. 1997;10(6-7):469-78.
Boaventura, J. L. (1997). [Post-occupational exposure HIV infection in health workers: an update and preventive measures]. Acta Medica Portuguesa, 10(6-7), 469-78.
Boaventura JL. [Post-occupational Exposure HIV Infection in Health Workers: an Update and Preventive Measures]. Acta Med Port. 1997 Jun-Jul;10(6-7):469-78. PubMed PMID: 9341039.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - [Post-occupational exposure HIV infection in health workers: an update and preventive measures]. A1 - Boaventura,J L, PY - 1997/6/1/pubmed PY - 1997/10/27/medline PY - 1997/6/1/entrez SP - 469 EP - 78 JF - Acta medica portuguesa JO - Acta Med Port VL - 10 IS - 6-7 N2 - The author reviews the worldwide references concerning the problem of HIV infection in health care workers (HCW) after occupational exposure in its different aspects: infection risk rate (0.36-0.4%); common types of exposure (percutaneous, contact, and mucomembranous); main risk factors related to the lesion, the patient (donor) and HCW (receptor); and preventive attitude to be adopted. In what concerns prevention, the author emphasises the universal precautions (nosocomial infection prevention) and drug prophylaxis with anti retroviral drugs-reasons for administration, inclusion and exclusion criteria, and the doubts and certainties regarding the risk-benefit, dosage, duration of treatment, and follow-up. Based on current facts, a management guideline, that is in practice in Santa Maria Hospital, is proposed to challenge this controversial condition, including post-exposure drug use and its effect on hospital policy. The future perspective is described, bearing in mind all the facilities available. SN - 0870-399X UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/9341039/[Post_occupational_exposure_HIV_infection_in_health_workers:_an_update_and_preventive_measures]_ L2 - http://www.actamedicaportuguesa.com/revista/index.php/amp/article/view/2447/1862 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -