Ophthalmic disease and its management.Vet Clin North Am Small Anim Pract. 1997 Nov; 27(6):1505-22.VC
A variety of ocular disorders occur with increased frequency in aging patients. There are those, such as lens-induced uveitis, which simply represent the end stages of chronic disease. There are lesions of the orbit, eyelid, and uveal tract that epitomize the geriatric penchant for neoplasia. Calcific degeneration and endothelial dystrophy are among the disorders representing the degenerative side of the aging eye. Vision loss accompanies cataracts and retinal detachments. Though each of these disorders is potentially blinding, advances in medical and surgical management have improved the likelihood of lifelong vision in our veterinary patients.