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Community and dating violence among adolescents: perpetration and victimization.
J Adolesc Health. 1997 Nov; 21(5):291-302.JA

Abstract

PURPOSE

Adolescents are both the perpetrators and victims of violence in the United States. To reduce violence, it is important to identify those most at risk within particular contexts.

METHODS

A social learning framework was used to investigate involvement in violence in a survey of 719 high school students. Four outcomes (community violence perpetration, community violence victimization, dating violence perpetration, and dating violence victimization) were examined as a function of demographic characteristics, exposure to violence, and several potential mediating variables.

RESULTS

Exposure to weapons and violent injury in the community was the sole consistent predictor across the four outcomes. Gender generally was an important correlate of violence; there were substantial gender differences in the correlates of dating violence perpetration and victimization, but relatively few gender differences in the correlates of community violence involvement. Other demographic characteristics typically were of limited importance, and were largely accounted for by exposure to violence or other mediators. Personal norms about the circumstances under which the use of violence is perceived as justified were important for three of the four outcome: community violence perpetration, and dating violence perpetration and victimization.

CONCLUSIONS

Being exposed to violence in one context appears to have crossover effects to victimization and perpetration in another context. Furthermore, victimization and perpetration often co-occur.

Authors+Show Affiliations

UCLA School of Public Health 90095-1772, USA.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.

Language

eng

PubMed ID

9358292

Citation

Malik, S, et al. "Community and Dating Violence Among Adolescents: Perpetration and Victimization." The Journal of Adolescent Health : Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine, vol. 21, no. 5, 1997, pp. 291-302.
Malik S, Sorenson SB, Aneshensel CS. Community and dating violence among adolescents: perpetration and victimization. J Adolesc Health. 1997;21(5):291-302.
Malik, S., Sorenson, S. B., & Aneshensel, C. S. (1997). Community and dating violence among adolescents: perpetration and victimization. The Journal of Adolescent Health : Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine, 21(5), 291-302.
Malik S, Sorenson SB, Aneshensel CS. Community and Dating Violence Among Adolescents: Perpetration and Victimization. J Adolesc Health. 1997;21(5):291-302. PubMed PMID: 9358292.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Community and dating violence among adolescents: perpetration and victimization. AU - Malik,S, AU - Sorenson,S B, AU - Aneshensel,C S, PY - 1997/11/14/pubmed PY - 1997/11/14/medline PY - 1997/11/14/entrez SP - 291 EP - 302 JF - The Journal of adolescent health : official publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine JO - J Adolesc Health VL - 21 IS - 5 N2 - PURPOSE: Adolescents are both the perpetrators and victims of violence in the United States. To reduce violence, it is important to identify those most at risk within particular contexts. METHODS: A social learning framework was used to investigate involvement in violence in a survey of 719 high school students. Four outcomes (community violence perpetration, community violence victimization, dating violence perpetration, and dating violence victimization) were examined as a function of demographic characteristics, exposure to violence, and several potential mediating variables. RESULTS: Exposure to weapons and violent injury in the community was the sole consistent predictor across the four outcomes. Gender generally was an important correlate of violence; there were substantial gender differences in the correlates of dating violence perpetration and victimization, but relatively few gender differences in the correlates of community violence involvement. Other demographic characteristics typically were of limited importance, and were largely accounted for by exposure to violence or other mediators. Personal norms about the circumstances under which the use of violence is perceived as justified were important for three of the four outcome: community violence perpetration, and dating violence perpetration and victimization. CONCLUSIONS: Being exposed to violence in one context appears to have crossover effects to victimization and perpetration in another context. Furthermore, victimization and perpetration often co-occur. SN - 1054-139X UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/9358292/Community_and_dating_violence_among_adolescents:_perpetration_and_victimization_ DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -