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A comparative study of factors related to carrying out physical activities of daily living (PADL) among 75-year-old-men and women in two Nordic localities.

Abstract

The aim of this cross-sectional and cross-national study was to describe and compare the ability to carry out physical activities of daily living (PADL) and examine factors that might explain variation in this ability in two Nordic populations. Seven hundred and six men and women aged 75 from two populations (Glostrup, Denmark, and Jyväskylä, Finland) were interviewed and given a laboratory examination in 1989-90. The ability to carry out the PADL activities was studied by interview. Tests were given to determine depressive symptoms, cognitive capacity, and selected physical and sensory performance domains. Four different regression models (men and women in Jyväskylä and Glostrup) were used to analyze a number of variables describing physical and psychological health and performance related to the PADL. Knee extension strength and stair mounting height in three models (men and women in Jyväskylä and women in Glostrup), and walking speed in one model (men in Glostrup) emerged as explanatory factors on the basis of the physical performance tests done. Sight, except in the women in Glostrup, hearing in the men in Jyväskylä, and balance in the women in Glostrup also explained PADL functioning. In addition, symptoms of depression in the men in Glostrup, and symptoms of illness, except in the men in Jyväskylä, and cognitive capacity in the men in Jyväskylä emerged as explanatory factors in the regression models. There were, however, no major differences in the determinants of PADL functioning in the two Nordic populations of elderly people. Physical, psychological and sensory tests provide useful information, complementary to self-reports regarding declining PADL functional capacity.

Authors+Show Affiliations

,

Health Center of the City of Jyväskylä, Finland.

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Source

Aging (Milan, Italy) 9:4 1997 Aug pg 258-67

MeSH

Activities of Daily Living
Aged
Aging
Cognition
Denmark
Depression
Female
Finland
Health Status
Humans
Male
Models, Biological
Physical Fitness
Self-Assessment
Sex Characteristics

Pub Type(s)

Comparative Study
Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

9359936

Citation

Laukkanen, P, et al. "A Comparative Study of Factors Related to Carrying Out Physical Activities of Daily Living (PADL) Among 75-year-old-men and Women in Two Nordic Localities." Aging (Milan, Italy), vol. 9, no. 4, 1997, pp. 258-67.
Laukkanen P, Heikkinen E, Schroll M, et al. A comparative study of factors related to carrying out physical activities of daily living (PADL) among 75-year-old-men and women in two Nordic localities. Aging (Milano). 1997;9(4):258-67.
Laukkanen, P., Heikkinen, E., Schroll, M., & Kauppinen, M. (1997). A comparative study of factors related to carrying out physical activities of daily living (PADL) among 75-year-old-men and women in two Nordic localities. Aging (Milan, Italy), 9(4), pp. 258-67.
Laukkanen P, et al. A Comparative Study of Factors Related to Carrying Out Physical Activities of Daily Living (PADL) Among 75-year-old-men and Women in Two Nordic Localities. Aging (Milano). 1997;9(4):258-67. PubMed PMID: 9359936.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - A comparative study of factors related to carrying out physical activities of daily living (PADL) among 75-year-old-men and women in two Nordic localities. AU - Laukkanen,P, AU - Heikkinen,E, AU - Schroll,M, AU - Kauppinen,M, PY - 1997/8/1/pubmed PY - 1997/11/14/medline PY - 1997/8/1/entrez SP - 258 EP - 67 JF - Aging (Milan, Italy) JO - Aging (Milano) VL - 9 IS - 4 N2 - The aim of this cross-sectional and cross-national study was to describe and compare the ability to carry out physical activities of daily living (PADL) and examine factors that might explain variation in this ability in two Nordic populations. Seven hundred and six men and women aged 75 from two populations (Glostrup, Denmark, and Jyväskylä, Finland) were interviewed and given a laboratory examination in 1989-90. The ability to carry out the PADL activities was studied by interview. Tests were given to determine depressive symptoms, cognitive capacity, and selected physical and sensory performance domains. Four different regression models (men and women in Jyväskylä and Glostrup) were used to analyze a number of variables describing physical and psychological health and performance related to the PADL. Knee extension strength and stair mounting height in three models (men and women in Jyväskylä and women in Glostrup), and walking speed in one model (men in Glostrup) emerged as explanatory factors on the basis of the physical performance tests done. Sight, except in the women in Glostrup, hearing in the men in Jyväskylä, and balance in the women in Glostrup also explained PADL functioning. In addition, symptoms of depression in the men in Glostrup, and symptoms of illness, except in the men in Jyväskylä, and cognitive capacity in the men in Jyväskylä emerged as explanatory factors in the regression models. There were, however, no major differences in the determinants of PADL functioning in the two Nordic populations of elderly people. Physical, psychological and sensory tests provide useful information, complementary to self-reports regarding declining PADL functional capacity. SN - 0394-9532 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/9359936/A_comparative_study_of_factors_related_to_carrying_out_physical_activities_of_daily_living__PADL__among_75_year_old_men_and_women_in_two_Nordic_localities_ L2 - https://medlineplus.gov/seniorshealth.html DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -