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Resting energy expenditures in Asian women measured by indirect calorimetry are lower than expenditures calculated from prediction equations.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

Measured resting energy expenditure (REE) and REEs calculated using the Harris-Benedict equation, Food and Agriculture Organization/World Health Organization/United Nations University (FAO/WHO/UNU) equations (FAO equations), and the Liu equation were compared in Asian women.

DESIGN

REEs were measured using indirect calorimetry in the morning after an overnight fast and compared with REEs calculated using the Harris-Benedict equation, the FAO equations, and the Liu equation. Height, weight, and 3-day diet records were also obtained.

SUBJECTS

Thirty-six healthy, free-living Asian women aged 19 to 52 years and living in the United States were recruited from Washington State University, Pullman, and completed the study.

STATISTICAL ANALYSES

Paired t tests, stepwise regression, one-way analysis of variance, and Pearson correlation coefficients were used for the statistical analyses. Significance was set at P < or = .05.

RESULTS

A significant correlation was found between measured REE and REE derived from the Harris-Benedict equation (R = 0.67, P < .0001), the FAO equations (R = 0.70, P < .0001), and the Liu equation (R = 0.70, P < .0001). However, measured REE was significantly lower than REE calculated using the Harris-Benedict and FAO equations by 8.5% (P < .001) and 5.4% (P < .01), respectively. No significant difference was noted between measured REE and REE derived from the Liu equation.

APPLICATIONS

Caution must be taken when predicting REE of Asian women using the Harris-Benedict equation or the FAO equation. Indirect calorimetry or an equation specific to Asians, such as the Liu equation, is recommended when an accurate estimate is necessary.

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  • Authors+Show Affiliations

    ,

    Department of Food Science and Nutrition, California Polytechnical State University, San Luis Obispo 93407, USA.

    ,

    Source

    MeSH

    Adult
    Analysis of Variance
    Anthropometry
    Asia
    Asian Continental Ancestry Group
    Basal Metabolism
    Calorimetry, Indirect
    Female
    Humans
    Middle Aged
    Predictive Value of Tests
    Washington

    Pub Type(s)

    Clinical Trial
    Comparative Study
    Journal Article
    Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

    Language

    eng

    PubMed ID

    9366867

    Citation

    Case, K O., et al. "Resting Energy Expenditures in Asian Women Measured By Indirect Calorimetry Are Lower Than Expenditures Calculated From Prediction Equations." Journal of the American Dietetic Association, vol. 97, no. 11, 1997, pp. 1288-92.
    Case KO, Brahler CJ, Heiss C. Resting energy expenditures in Asian women measured by indirect calorimetry are lower than expenditures calculated from prediction equations. J Am Diet Assoc. 1997;97(11):1288-92.
    Case, K. O., Brahler, C. J., & Heiss, C. (1997). Resting energy expenditures in Asian women measured by indirect calorimetry are lower than expenditures calculated from prediction equations. Journal of the American Dietetic Association, 97(11), pp. 1288-92.
    Case KO, Brahler CJ, Heiss C. Resting Energy Expenditures in Asian Women Measured By Indirect Calorimetry Are Lower Than Expenditures Calculated From Prediction Equations. J Am Diet Assoc. 1997;97(11):1288-92. PubMed PMID: 9366867.
    * Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
    TY - JOUR T1 - Resting energy expenditures in Asian women measured by indirect calorimetry are lower than expenditures calculated from prediction equations. AU - Case,K O, AU - Brahler,C J, AU - Heiss,C, PY - 1997/11/21/pubmed PY - 1997/11/21/medline PY - 1997/11/21/entrez SP - 1288 EP - 92 JF - Journal of the American Dietetic Association JO - J Am Diet Assoc VL - 97 IS - 11 N2 - OBJECTIVE: Measured resting energy expenditure (REE) and REEs calculated using the Harris-Benedict equation, Food and Agriculture Organization/World Health Organization/United Nations University (FAO/WHO/UNU) equations (FAO equations), and the Liu equation were compared in Asian women. DESIGN: REEs were measured using indirect calorimetry in the morning after an overnight fast and compared with REEs calculated using the Harris-Benedict equation, the FAO equations, and the Liu equation. Height, weight, and 3-day diet records were also obtained. SUBJECTS: Thirty-six healthy, free-living Asian women aged 19 to 52 years and living in the United States were recruited from Washington State University, Pullman, and completed the study. STATISTICAL ANALYSES: Paired t tests, stepwise regression, one-way analysis of variance, and Pearson correlation coefficients were used for the statistical analyses. Significance was set at P < or = .05. RESULTS: A significant correlation was found between measured REE and REE derived from the Harris-Benedict equation (R = 0.67, P < .0001), the FAO equations (R = 0.70, P < .0001), and the Liu equation (R = 0.70, P < .0001). However, measured REE was significantly lower than REE calculated using the Harris-Benedict and FAO equations by 8.5% (P < .001) and 5.4% (P < .01), respectively. No significant difference was noted between measured REE and REE derived from the Liu equation. APPLICATIONS: Caution must be taken when predicting REE of Asian women using the Harris-Benedict equation or the FAO equation. Indirect calorimetry or an equation specific to Asians, such as the Liu equation, is recommended when an accurate estimate is necessary. SN - 0002-8223 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/9366867/Resting_energy_expenditures_in_Asian_women_measured_by_indirect_calorimetry_are_lower_than_expenditures_calculated_from_prediction_equations_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0002-8223(97)00308-8 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -