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[Ecological and epidemiologic aspects of the attacks by vampire bats and paralytic rabies in Argentina and analysis of the proposals carried out for their control].
Rev Sci Tech. 1996 Sep; 15(3):971-84.RS

Abstract

The authors describe the ecology of attacks by vampire bats and the epidemiology of rabies (paralytic rabies) transmitted by these bats in Argentina, based on data obtained from an epidemiological vigilance programme conducted between 1984 and 1993. It was found that rabies spread rapidly among vampire bats, causing high mortality (over 50%); subsequently, the population recovered slowly due to the low reproductive rate. This explains the features of paralytic rabies, such as high mortality among affected populations, brief duration and subsequent recurrence. Paralytic rabies occurs throughout the year without evidence of seasonal occurrence and with no relationship to rainfall. This is because vampire bats remain active within their habitat, neither hibernating nor migrating. The problem created by vampire bats depends on the ecosystem of their habitat. In the livestock ecosystem, the bats are synanthropic and their population is abundant. They feed almost exclusively on livestock and attacks on human beings are sporadic. In this ecosystem, paralytic rabies is a serious economic problem because of its frequency and readiness to spread (41 separate outbreaks were recorded in addition to an epidemic). On the contrary, in the scarcely populated livestock ecosystem, the vampire but population is much smaller; they feed on various species of animals, and attacks on human beings are more common, but paralytic rabies occurs only sporadically (one isolated outbreak). For overall control of paralytic rabies, the authors recommend reduction of the vampire bat population to a safe level, in order to break the chain of rabies transmission and diminish attacks by bats.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Servicio Nacional de Sanidad Animal, Urquiza y Uruguaí, Argentina.No affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

English Abstract
Journal Article

Language

spa

PubMed ID

9376648

Citation

Delpietro, H A., and R G. Russo. "[Ecological and Epidemiologic Aspects of the Attacks By Vampire Bats and Paralytic Rabies in Argentina and Analysis of the Proposals Carried Out for Their Control]." Revue Scientifique Et Technique (International Office of Epizootics), vol. 15, no. 3, 1996, pp. 971-84.
Delpietro HA, Russo RG. [Ecological and epidemiologic aspects of the attacks by vampire bats and paralytic rabies in Argentina and analysis of the proposals carried out for their control]. Rev Sci Tech. 1996;15(3):971-84.
Delpietro, H. A., & Russo, R. G. (1996). [Ecological and epidemiologic aspects of the attacks by vampire bats and paralytic rabies in Argentina and analysis of the proposals carried out for their control]. Revue Scientifique Et Technique (International Office of Epizootics), 15(3), 971-84.
Delpietro HA, Russo RG. [Ecological and Epidemiologic Aspects of the Attacks By Vampire Bats and Paralytic Rabies in Argentina and Analysis of the Proposals Carried Out for Their Control]. Rev Sci Tech. 1996;15(3):971-84. PubMed PMID: 9376648.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - [Ecological and epidemiologic aspects of the attacks by vampire bats and paralytic rabies in Argentina and analysis of the proposals carried out for their control]. AU - Delpietro,H A, AU - Russo,R G, PY - 1996/9/1/pubmed PY - 1998/2/12/medline PY - 1996/9/1/entrez SP - 971 EP - 84 JF - Revue scientifique et technique (International Office of Epizootics) JO - Rev Sci Tech VL - 15 IS - 3 N2 - The authors describe the ecology of attacks by vampire bats and the epidemiology of rabies (paralytic rabies) transmitted by these bats in Argentina, based on data obtained from an epidemiological vigilance programme conducted between 1984 and 1993. It was found that rabies spread rapidly among vampire bats, causing high mortality (over 50%); subsequently, the population recovered slowly due to the low reproductive rate. This explains the features of paralytic rabies, such as high mortality among affected populations, brief duration and subsequent recurrence. Paralytic rabies occurs throughout the year without evidence of seasonal occurrence and with no relationship to rainfall. This is because vampire bats remain active within their habitat, neither hibernating nor migrating. The problem created by vampire bats depends on the ecosystem of their habitat. In the livestock ecosystem, the bats are synanthropic and their population is abundant. They feed almost exclusively on livestock and attacks on human beings are sporadic. In this ecosystem, paralytic rabies is a serious economic problem because of its frequency and readiness to spread (41 separate outbreaks were recorded in addition to an epidemic). On the contrary, in the scarcely populated livestock ecosystem, the vampire but population is much smaller; they feed on various species of animals, and attacks on human beings are more common, but paralytic rabies occurs only sporadically (one isolated outbreak). For overall control of paralytic rabies, the authors recommend reduction of the vampire bat population to a safe level, in order to break the chain of rabies transmission and diminish attacks by bats. SN - 0253-1933 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/9376648/[Ecological_and_epidemiologic_aspects_of_the_attacks_by_vampire_bats_and_paralytic_rabies_in_Argentina_and_analysis_of_the_proposals_carried_out_for_their_control]_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.20506/rst.15.3.964 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -