Main component assay of pharmaceuticals by capillary electrophoresis: considerations regarding precision, accuracy, and linearity data.J Capillary Electrophor. 1996 Jan-Feb; 3(1):13-23.JC
Capillary electrophoresis has been successfully employed to determine the level of drugs in a variety of pharmaceutical preparations. A large number of reports have shown agreement between CE results and HPLC data or with label claim. Currently the use of CE for main component assays constitutes 26% of the routine usage of CE within drug companies and is the most frequent application. The choice between adopting CE or HPLC for a particular application is very dependent upon the relative merits of each technique to the individual assay. Often, CE can have advantages in terms of reduced sample pretreatment, consumable costs, and analysis time. The ability to separate a wide range of solutes using a single set of operating conditions is a strong advantage of CE. This paper extensively reviews the literature reports of the use of CE for main peak assay and indicates the validation performance data achieved. The specific requirements relating to optimized accuracy and precision in CE assay are discussed in some detail. The use of an appropriate internal standard to improve performance for precision, accuracy, and linearity, and to reduce the impact of sample matrix effects, is experimentally shown by results from the analysis of levothyroxine samples. The applications are subdivided into those samples analyzed by free solution capillary electrophoresis (FSCE) at low or high pH or those separated by micellar electrokinetic capillary electrophoresis (MECC).