[The proportion of molecular forms of gonadotropins changes in patients with polycystic ovaries].Ginecol Obstet Mex. 1997 Sep; 65:382-5.GO
It is known that protein hormones circulate as different molecular forms and the relative proportion of these isoforms changes according to endocrine milieu. In particular gonadotropins, both LH and FSH, isoforms suffer variations related to the estrogen levels; thus sera obstained from menopausal women show a predominance of larger molecular forms which are considered as having lesser biological activity and the administration of estrogen replacement therapy is followed by the appearance of intermediate molecular forms possessing higher biological activity. This chormatographic pattern with predominance of intermediate isoforms is typical at midcycle in sera from normal women at the periovulatory stage. Present study showed that sera obtained from anovulatory women, such as patients with polycystic ovaries a predominance of larger and smaller molecular weight isoforms, exhibiting a chromatographic pattern different from that observed in normal women. It is speculate that there is some imbalance between the ovarian steroid synthesis and gonadotropin production in the stage of tertiary structural conformation.