A novel variant of acquired epidermolysis bullosa with autoantibodies against the central triple-helical domain of type VII collagen.Lab Invest. 1997 Dec; 77(6):623-32.LI
Epidermolysis bullosa acquisita and bullous systemic lupus erythematosus are autoimmune bullous disorders, with tissue-bound and circulating autoantibodies reactive with the noncollagenous NC1 domain of type VII collagen (C-VII). Here, we describe a novel acquired bullous dermatosis with autoantibodies against the triple-helical domain of C-VII. Three patients, all Japanese children, presented with widespread inflammatory tense blisters. Histologically, subepidermal tissue separation was noted with inflammatory infiltrate in the superficial dermis. Direct immunofluorescence staining revealed linear IgG/C3 deposits along the dermal-epidermal junction. Circulating IgG anti-basement membrane zone autoantibodies stained the dermal side of normal skin separated with 1 M NaCl. Direct and indirect immunoelectron microscopy using colloidal gold labeling showed that patient sera reacted with anchoring fibrils. The gold particles were localized both near the lamina densa and on the central banded portion of the fibrils. The sera reacted with C-VII in immunoblots. Epitope analyses with natural and recombinant fragments of C-VII disclosed that the sera did not recognize the NC1 domain of C-VII, but the central triple-helical domain of this anchoring fibril protein. Thus, the present probands show a hitherto unrecognized variant of epidermolysis bullosa acquisita, with autoantibodies against epitopes in the collagenous domain of C-VII.