Comparative molecular field analysis of a series of paclitaxel analogues.J Med Chem. 1997 Dec 19; 40(26):4319-28.JM
A series of 94 paclitaxel analogues exhibiting antitumor activity by promoting the assembly of microtubules and inhibiting the disassembly process of microtubules to tubulin were investigated using the comparative molecular field analysis (CoMFA) method. These compounds belonging to 10 structural classes were randomly divided into a training set of 80 compounds and a test set of 14 compounds. Since the three-dimension structure of ligand--receptor complex is unknown, from X-ray and NMR data we rationally selected the three-dimension structure of paclitaxel in a polar solution as the active conformation and starting structure for molecule modeling, the other molecules were aligned using this molecule model as the template. The most optimal CoMFA yielded a two-components model, with significant cross-validation r2cv of 0.640 and conventional r2 of 0.868. The predictive ability of training set model was tested on the test set of 14 compounds. The tests not only revealed the robustness of the CoMFA model but demonstrated that for our model r2pred based on the mean activity of test set compounds can accurately estimate external predictivity but r2pred based on the mean activity of training set compounds overestimated the model. The CoMFA model explained why the activity of taxoid is sensitive to the stereochemistry of the atoms at C-2' and C-3' positions and the presence of hydroxyl group at C-2' position. The other factors affecting activity were also elucidated according to standard coefficient contour maps of steric and electrostatic fields derived from the CoMFA model.