IMP-dehydrogenase inhibition in human lymphocytes and lymphoblasts by mycophenolic acid and mycophenolic acid glucuronide.Clin Chem. 1997 Dec; 43(12):2312-7.CC
Inosine 5'-monophosphate dehydrogenase (IMP-DH) activities were measured in human lymphocytes (exhibiting type I IMP-DH activity) and human lymphoblasts (exhibiting type II IMP-DH activity) in the presence of various amounts of mycophenolic acid (MPA) (0-20 mumol/L) and MPA glucuronide (MPAG) (0-200 mumol/L). Moreover, the influences of human serum albumin (HSA) and human plasma on the MPA- and MPAG-mediated effects were investigated. In the presence of water, 2.5 mumol/L MPA decreased the IMP-DH activity measured in lymphocytes by 60%, whereas in lymphoblasts a 80% inhibition was detectable. In the presence of > or = 10 mumol/L MPA, lymphocytic as well as lymphoblastic IMP-DH activities were reduced in a similar manner. The concentration of MPAG required for 50% inhibition was for both cell types > 25 mumol/L and < 50 mumol/L, respectively. MPAG (200 mumol/L) reduced lymphocytic as well as lymphoblastic IMP-DH activity by approximately 80%. With 100 g/L HSA or human plasma as diluent, the inhibitory effects of MPA and MPAG were significantly (P < 0.05) diminished, whereas HSA concentrations < or = 25 g/L only slightly influenced the inhibition of IMP-DH activity by MPA and MPAG. In summary, it can be clearly demonstrated that not only MPA but also MPAG contributes to the inhibition of both IMP-DH isoenzymes, which might be relevant for the immunosuppressive properties of mycophenolate mofetil in transplant patients.