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Brain injury in ice hockey.
Clin J Sport Med 1998; 8(1):43-6CJ

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

To review the incidence of brain injuries sustained while playing ice hockey.

DATA SOURCE

MEDLINE was searched for articles from 1966 to 1997 relating to ice hockey and injuries. Additional references were reviewed from the bibliographies of the retrieved articles.

STUDY SELECTION

All clinical study designs were included.

DATA EXTRACTION AND SYNTHESIS

In reviewing the literature, particular attention was paid to the relative strengths of the different study designs. Rates of head injuries were recorded (or calculated if possible) from the data.

MAIN RESULTS

The most common brain injury was concussion. The incidence of concussion (per 1000 player-hours) ranged from 0.0 to 0.8 for players aged 5 to 14 years, from 0.0 to 2.7 for high school players, from 0.2 to 4.2 for university players, and from 0.0 to 6.6 for players on elite teams. The incidence of concussion increases with higher levels of play, is higher in game play than practice for elite players. Is reduced by appropriate helmets, and is showing a downward trend for players aged 5 to 14 years. Other brain injuries included rare epidural and subdural hematomas that can be lethal. Recommendations for the further reduction of brain injuries and guidelines for future studies of the incidence of head injuries in hockey are provided.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Division of Neurosurgery, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Review

Language

eng

PubMed ID

9448957

Citation

Honey, C R.. "Brain Injury in Ice Hockey." Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine : Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine, vol. 8, no. 1, 1998, pp. 43-6.
Honey CR. Brain injury in ice hockey. Clin J Sport Med. 1998;8(1):43-6.
Honey, C. R. (1998). Brain injury in ice hockey. Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine : Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine, 8(1), pp. 43-6.
Honey CR. Brain Injury in Ice Hockey. Clin J Sport Med. 1998;8(1):43-6. PubMed PMID: 9448957.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Brain injury in ice hockey. A1 - Honey,C R, PY - 1998/2/4/pubmed PY - 1998/2/4/medline PY - 1998/2/4/entrez SP - 43 EP - 6 JF - Clinical journal of sport medicine : official journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine JO - Clin J Sport Med VL - 8 IS - 1 N2 - OBJECTIVE: To review the incidence of brain injuries sustained while playing ice hockey. DATA SOURCE: MEDLINE was searched for articles from 1966 to 1997 relating to ice hockey and injuries. Additional references were reviewed from the bibliographies of the retrieved articles. STUDY SELECTION: All clinical study designs were included. DATA EXTRACTION AND SYNTHESIS: In reviewing the literature, particular attention was paid to the relative strengths of the different study designs. Rates of head injuries were recorded (or calculated if possible) from the data. MAIN RESULTS: The most common brain injury was concussion. The incidence of concussion (per 1000 player-hours) ranged from 0.0 to 0.8 for players aged 5 to 14 years, from 0.0 to 2.7 for high school players, from 0.2 to 4.2 for university players, and from 0.0 to 6.6 for players on elite teams. The incidence of concussion increases with higher levels of play, is higher in game play than practice for elite players. Is reduced by appropriate helmets, and is showing a downward trend for players aged 5 to 14 years. Other brain injuries included rare epidural and subdural hematomas that can be lethal. Recommendations for the further reduction of brain injuries and guidelines for future studies of the incidence of head injuries in hockey are provided. SN - 1050-642X UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/9448957/Brain_injury_in_ice_hockey_ L2 - http://ovidsp.ovid.com/ovidweb.cgi?T=JS&PAGE=linkout&SEARCH=9448957.ui DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -