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Diet, antioxidant status, and smoking habits in French men.
Am J Clin Nutr 1998; 67(2):231-9AJ

Abstract

The aim of this study was to assess the association between smoking, food consumption, and antioxidant vitamin intake and plasma indexes of oxidative stress and antioxidant defenses in French adults. Food and nutrient intakes of 459 healthy men aged 23-57 y were estimated by the diet history method and analyzed by smoking status. Plasma alpha-tocopherol, ascorbic acid, and carotenoids were measured as antioxidants and malondialdehyde, protein Schiff bases, and autoantibodies against malondialdehyde-protein adducts as oxidative stress indexes. Smokers ate less fruit and vegetables than nonsmokers, leading to lower vitamin E, vitamin C, and carotene intakes, even after adjustment for age, education, and marital status. Unlike vitamin E, plasma ascorbic acid and beta-carotene concentrations were reduced in smokers compared with nonsmokers and were inversely related to cigarette consumption. This difference remained significant after adjustment for alcohol and dietary intakes. Among the measured oxidative stress indexes, only Schiff base concentration was positively related to the number of cigarettes smoked. In our sample of French men, smoking had an adverse effect on antioxidant status; vitamin intakes were reduced in smokers and plasma antioxidant indexes were altered independently of dietary intakes. As in other countries, in France smokers require particular attention in terms of public health intervention.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Centre de Médecine Préventive, Vandoeuvre-les-Nancy, France.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Comparative Study
Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

9459370

Citation

Marangon, K, et al. "Diet, Antioxidant Status, and Smoking Habits in French Men." The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, vol. 67, no. 2, 1998, pp. 231-9.
Marangon K, Herbeth B, Lecomte E, et al. Diet, antioxidant status, and smoking habits in French men. Am J Clin Nutr. 1998;67(2):231-9.
Marangon, K., Herbeth, B., Lecomte, E., Paul-Dauphin, A., Grolier, P., Chancerelle, Y., ... Siest, G. (1998). Diet, antioxidant status, and smoking habits in French men. The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 67(2), pp. 231-9.
Marangon K, et al. Diet, Antioxidant Status, and Smoking Habits in French Men. Am J Clin Nutr. 1998;67(2):231-9. PubMed PMID: 9459370.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Diet, antioxidant status, and smoking habits in French men. AU - Marangon,K, AU - Herbeth,B, AU - Lecomte,E, AU - Paul-Dauphin,A, AU - Grolier,P, AU - Chancerelle,Y, AU - Artur,Y, AU - Siest,G, PY - 1998/2/12/pubmed PY - 1998/2/12/medline PY - 1998/2/12/entrez SP - 231 EP - 9 JF - The American journal of clinical nutrition JO - Am. J. Clin. Nutr. VL - 67 IS - 2 N2 - The aim of this study was to assess the association between smoking, food consumption, and antioxidant vitamin intake and plasma indexes of oxidative stress and antioxidant defenses in French adults. Food and nutrient intakes of 459 healthy men aged 23-57 y were estimated by the diet history method and analyzed by smoking status. Plasma alpha-tocopherol, ascorbic acid, and carotenoids were measured as antioxidants and malondialdehyde, protein Schiff bases, and autoantibodies against malondialdehyde-protein adducts as oxidative stress indexes. Smokers ate less fruit and vegetables than nonsmokers, leading to lower vitamin E, vitamin C, and carotene intakes, even after adjustment for age, education, and marital status. Unlike vitamin E, plasma ascorbic acid and beta-carotene concentrations were reduced in smokers compared with nonsmokers and were inversely related to cigarette consumption. This difference remained significant after adjustment for alcohol and dietary intakes. Among the measured oxidative stress indexes, only Schiff base concentration was positively related to the number of cigarettes smoked. In our sample of French men, smoking had an adverse effect on antioxidant status; vitamin intakes were reduced in smokers and plasma antioxidant indexes were altered independently of dietary intakes. As in other countries, in France smokers require particular attention in terms of public health intervention. SN - 0002-9165 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/9459370/Diet_antioxidant_status_and_smoking_habits_in_French_men_ L2 - https://academic.oup.com/ajcn/article-lookup/doi/10.1093/ajcn/67.2.231 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -