Tolerance to the bronchoprotective effect of salmeterol 12 hours after starting twice daily treatment.Ann Allergy Asthma Immunol. 1998 Jan; 80(1):31-4.AA
Regular use of salmeterol has been associated with reduced bronchoprotective effect against methacholine as early as 24 hours after initiating treatment.
To determine whether loss of the bronchoprotective effect measured one hour after salmeterol could be demonstrated 12 hours following one previous dose.
Ten subjects with stable, mild asthma were enrolled in a randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blind, crossover study comparing two 2-dose treatment periods: (1) blinded salmeterol 50 microg inhaled at bedtime, followed by unblinded salmeterol 50 microg inhaled 12 hours later and (2) blinded placebo inhaled at bedtime, followed by unblinded salmeterol 50 microg inhaled 12 hours later. The methacholine PC20 was measured one hour after the morning salmeterol; FEV1 was measured just prior to the morning salmeterol dose and at the start of the methacholine inhalation test.
The mean log methacholine PC20 recorded one hour after a single dose of salmeterol (1.20 +/- 0.17 SE) was significantly higher than the mean log methacholine PC20 recorded after two doses of salmeterol at 12-hour intervals (1.00 +/- 0.16 SE; P = .024). The mean FEV1 12 hours after salmeterol was significantly higher than the mean FEV1 recorded 12 hours after placebo (P = .0017), however, there was no significant difference between the FEV1 recordings one hour after the two unblinded doses of salmeterol.
Tolerance to the bronchoprotective effect of salmeterol against methacholine induced bronchoconstriction occurs extremely quickly as it is evident 12 hours after starting twice daily treatment.