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Nutritional status of under fives attending maternal and child health clinics in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania.
East Afr Med J 1997; 74(6):368-71EA

Abstract

We designed a study to assess the nutritional status of children under five years of age attending MCH clinics in Dar es Salaam. This was a cross-sectional anthropometric study involving children 6-24 months who from July to August 1993 were attending Magomeni MCH clinic and those aged 18 months to five years who were attending Lugalo and Mwananyamala MCH clinics for routine growth monitoring and for vaccination between May to August 1994. The data collected included age, birthweight, sex, weight, height, breastfeeding status and HIV-1 serostatus. Of the 1854 children enrolled (961 boys and 893 girls) 31.6% were stunted, 14.6% were underweight and 2.9% were wasted. The highest percentage of stunting and wasting was observed between 11 and 25 months and 36 to 40 months. Of the 849 children tested for HIV-1, 14 (1.7%) were seropositive and two out of 770 (0.3%) were born with low weight. HIV seropositivity and low birthweight were both associated with stunting and wasting. We conclude that malnutrition is still a sizeable problem among children attending urban MCH clinics in Dar es Salaam especially among those aged less than three years, to whom special malnutrition control strategies should be targeted. There is also a need to identify factors responsible for the observed decline in MCH attendance with age and correct the situation.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Microbiology, Muhimbili University College of Health Sciences, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

9487398

Citation

Matee, M I., et al. "Nutritional Status of Under Fives Attending Maternal and Child Health Clinics in Dar Es Salaam, Tanzania." East African Medical Journal, vol. 74, no. 6, 1997, pp. 368-71.
Matee MI, Msengi AE, Simon E, et al. Nutritional status of under fives attending maternal and child health clinics in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. East Afr Med J. 1997;74(6):368-71.
Matee, M. I., Msengi, A. E., Simon, E., Lyamuya, E. F., Mwinula, J. H., Mbena, E. C., ... Scheutz, F. (1997). Nutritional status of under fives attending maternal and child health clinics in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. East African Medical Journal, 74(6), pp. 368-71.
Matee MI, et al. Nutritional Status of Under Fives Attending Maternal and Child Health Clinics in Dar Es Salaam, Tanzania. East Afr Med J. 1997;74(6):368-71. PubMed PMID: 9487398.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Nutritional status of under fives attending maternal and child health clinics in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. AU - Matee,M I, AU - Msengi,A E, AU - Simon,E, AU - Lyamuya,E F, AU - Mwinula,J H, AU - Mbena,E C, AU - Mbena,E C, AU - Mbena,E C, AU - Samaranayake,L P, AU - Scheutz,F, PY - 1997/6/1/pubmed PY - 1998/3/6/medline PY - 1997/6/1/entrez KW - Africa KW - Africa South Of The Sahara KW - Age Factors KW - Biology KW - Birth Weight KW - Body Height KW - Body Weight KW - Child KW - Child Health KW - Child Nutrition KW - Cross Sectional Analysis KW - Delivery Of Health Care KW - Demographic Factors KW - Developing Countries KW - Diseases KW - Eastern Africa KW - English Speaking Africa KW - Health KW - Health Services KW - Hiv Infections KW - Low Birth Weight KW - Malnutrition KW - Maternal-child Health Services KW - Nutrition KW - Nutrition Disorders KW - Physiology KW - Population KW - Population Characteristics KW - Primary Health Care KW - Research Methodology KW - Research Report KW - Risk Factors KW - Sex Factors KW - Tanzania KW - Viral Diseases KW - Youth SP - 368 EP - 71 JF - East African medical journal JO - East Afr Med J VL - 74 IS - 6 N2 - We designed a study to assess the nutritional status of children under five years of age attending MCH clinics in Dar es Salaam. This was a cross-sectional anthropometric study involving children 6-24 months who from July to August 1993 were attending Magomeni MCH clinic and those aged 18 months to five years who were attending Lugalo and Mwananyamala MCH clinics for routine growth monitoring and for vaccination between May to August 1994. The data collected included age, birthweight, sex, weight, height, breastfeeding status and HIV-1 serostatus. Of the 1854 children enrolled (961 boys and 893 girls) 31.6% were stunted, 14.6% were underweight and 2.9% were wasted. The highest percentage of stunting and wasting was observed between 11 and 25 months and 36 to 40 months. Of the 849 children tested for HIV-1, 14 (1.7%) were seropositive and two out of 770 (0.3%) were born with low weight. HIV seropositivity and low birthweight were both associated with stunting and wasting. We conclude that malnutrition is still a sizeable problem among children attending urban MCH clinics in Dar es Salaam especially among those aged less than three years, to whom special malnutrition control strategies should be targeted. There is also a need to identify factors responsible for the observed decline in MCH attendance with age and correct the situation. SN - 0012-835X UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/9487398/Nutritional_status_of_under_fives_attending_maternal_and_child_health_clinics_in_Dar_es_Salaam_Tanzania_ L2 - https://medlineplus.gov/growthdisorders.html DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -