The effect of fenfluramine dosage regimen and reduced food intake on levels of 5-HT in rat brain.J Neural Transm (Vienna). 1997; 104(11-12):1339-51.JN
Male Wistar rats received fenfluramine in subacute (5 mg/kg b.i.d. i.p. for 4 days) or escalating (0.5, 1, 1.5, 2, 3, 4 and 5 mg/kg b.i.d. i.p., each dose given for 4 days) doses. Saline-treated controls received food ad libitum, or were pair-fed with the fenfluramine-treated animals. Rats were killed 1, 15 and 30 days after drug withdrawal. On day 1, plasma and brain fenfluramine levels were higher, and hypothalamus norfenfluramine levels were lower following escalating compared to subacute dosing, although total active drug levels were unaltered. Both treatment regimes, and pair-feeding reduced food intake and body weight. Subacute fenfluramine reduced brain 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) and 5-hydroxyindoleacetic acid (5-HIAA) levels for up to 30 days. Brain 5-HT and 5-HIAA levels were unaltered following escalating-doses of fenfluramine. Additionally, pair-feeding transiently decreased hippocampal 5-HT levels. These data suggest that escalating-doses of fenfluramine prevent the 5-HT-depleting effect of a sub-cute challenge without altering the anorexic action of the drug.