Analysis of the EEG bispectrum, auditory evoked potentials and the EEG power spectrum during repeated transitions from consciousness to unconsciousness.Br J Anaesth. 1998 Jan; 80(1):46-52.BJ
We have compared the auditory evoked potential (AEP) index (a numerical index derived from the AEP), 95% spectral edge frequency (SEF), median frequency (MF) and the bispectral index (BIS) during alternating periods of consciousness and unconsciousness produced by target-controlled infusions of propofol. We studied 12 patients undergoing hip or knee replacement under spinal anaesthesia. During periods of consciousness and unconsciousness, respective mean values for the four measurements were: AEP index, 60.8 (SD 13.7) and 37.6 (6.5); BIS, 85.1 (8.2) and 66.8 (10.5); SEF, 24.2 (2.2) and 18.7 (2.1); and MF, 10.9 (3.3) and 8.8 (2.0). Threshold values with a specificity of 100% for a state of unconsciousness were: AEP index, 37 (sensitivity 52%); BIS, 55 (sensitivity 15%); and SEF, 16.0 (sensitivity 9%). There was no recorded value for MF that was 100% specific for unconsciousness. Of the four measurements, only AEP index demonstrated a significant difference (P < 0.05) between all mean values 1 min before recovery of consciousness and all mean values 1 min after recovery of consciousness. Our findings suggest that of the four electrophysiological variables, AEP index was best at distinguishing the transition from unconsciousness to consciousness.