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Herbal medicines in Hawaii from tradition to convention.
Hawaii Med J. 1998 Jan; 57(1):382-6.HM

Abstract

The stories of kava and chaulmoogra demonstrate the importance of herbal products in ancient and recent Hawaiian medicine. Kava is a psychoactive beverage that has been used ceremonially for millennia throughout the Pacific. It is a nonfermented depressant that causes tranquil intoxication in which thoughts and memory remain clear. Its broad pharmacologic activity led to use in Hawaii to treat skin disorders and later in Germany to treat gonorrhea. Kava is now available outside the Pacific basin as a relaxant, emerging as a popular, albeit deritualized, natural product. In the late 19th century, the main treatment for leprosy was chaulmoogra, extracted from Hydnocarpus seeds. Chaulmoogra had been a traditional treatment for skin diseases in Ayurvedic and Chinese medicine. Chaulmoogra from Asian markets was expensive and usually adulterated so the USDA decided to plant Hydnocarpus in Hawaii. Joseph Rock, a botanist at University of Hawaii, trekked through southeast Asia collecting fresh seeds to plant on Oahu. Rock's trees provided chaulmoogra for leprosy patients on Molokai and elsewhere until it was replaced by dapsone. Chaulmoogra, once the treatment for leprosy worldwide, is now nearly forgotten; kava, once poorly known outside the Pacific, is now a widely-used alternative medicine. Hawaii will probably continue its role in the transition of plants from traditional use to conventional use.

Authors+Show Affiliations

RW Bliss Army Health Center, Fort Huachuca, AZ 85613, USA.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Review

Language

eng

PubMed ID

9509742

Citation

Norton, S A.. "Herbal Medicines in Hawaii From Tradition to Convention." Hawaii Medical Journal, vol. 57, no. 1, 1998, pp. 382-6.
Norton SA. Herbal medicines in Hawaii from tradition to convention. Hawaii Med J. 1998;57(1):382-6.
Norton, S. A. (1998). Herbal medicines in Hawaii from tradition to convention. Hawaii Medical Journal, 57(1), 382-6.
Norton SA. Herbal Medicines in Hawaii From Tradition to Convention. Hawaii Med J. 1998;57(1):382-6. PubMed PMID: 9509742.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Herbal medicines in Hawaii from tradition to convention. A1 - Norton,S A, PY - 1998/3/24/pubmed PY - 1998/3/24/medline PY - 1998/3/24/entrez SP - 382 EP - 6 JF - Hawaii medical journal JO - Hawaii Med J VL - 57 IS - 1 N2 - The stories of kava and chaulmoogra demonstrate the importance of herbal products in ancient and recent Hawaiian medicine. Kava is a psychoactive beverage that has been used ceremonially for millennia throughout the Pacific. It is a nonfermented depressant that causes tranquil intoxication in which thoughts and memory remain clear. Its broad pharmacologic activity led to use in Hawaii to treat skin disorders and later in Germany to treat gonorrhea. Kava is now available outside the Pacific basin as a relaxant, emerging as a popular, albeit deritualized, natural product. In the late 19th century, the main treatment for leprosy was chaulmoogra, extracted from Hydnocarpus seeds. Chaulmoogra had been a traditional treatment for skin diseases in Ayurvedic and Chinese medicine. Chaulmoogra from Asian markets was expensive and usually adulterated so the USDA decided to plant Hydnocarpus in Hawaii. Joseph Rock, a botanist at University of Hawaii, trekked through southeast Asia collecting fresh seeds to plant on Oahu. Rock's trees provided chaulmoogra for leprosy patients on Molokai and elsewhere until it was replaced by dapsone. Chaulmoogra, once the treatment for leprosy worldwide, is now nearly forgotten; kava, once poorly known outside the Pacific, is now a widely-used alternative medicine. Hawaii will probably continue its role in the transition of plants from traditional use to conventional use. SN - 0017-8594 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/9509742/Herbal_medicines_in_Hawaii_from_tradition_to_convention_ L2 - https://medlineplus.gov/herbalmedicine.html DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -