IL-6 and IL-8 production by human bone marrow stromal cells.Cytokine. 1998 Feb; 10(2):93-7.C
By using a specific enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, the authors demonstrated that human bone marrow stromal cells produce IL-6 and IL-8. Their synthesis is enhanced in a dose-dependent manner after stimulation with lipopolysaccharide (LPS) and phorbol myristate acetate (PMA). Interleukin 6 (IL-6) and IL-8 production in response to PMA were markedly diminished by the PKC inhibitor staurosporine. IL-6 (10 ng/ml) stimulated IL-8 production with 0% and 10% fetal calf serum (FCS) in the culture medium. In similar conditions, IL-8 (10 ng/ml) enhanced IL-6 production. IL-1 alpha, IL-1 beta, and IL-3, tumour necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha), Stem cell factor (SCF) and granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF) (at 10 ng/ml) stimulated IL-6 and IL-8 production in 0% and 10% FCS. G-CSF stimulated and IL-4 inhibited IL-8 production in 10% FCS. IL-2, IL-4 and bFGF stimulated IL-6 production in 0% FCS. These results suggest that bone marrow stromal cells might represent a major source for the cytokine-regulated local production of IL-6 and IL-8 inside human bone marrow.