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[Intestinal permeability in alcoholic patients without liver damage].
Rev Med Chil. 1997 Jun; 125(6):653-8.RM

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Chronic alcoholism may increase intestinal permeability. However, there are few studies of intestinal permeability in chronic alcoholic subjects.

AIM

To study intestinal permeability in chronic alcoholic patients without clinical evidences of liver damage, during early abstinence, and in normal subjects.

METHODS

Thirty seven male subjects were studied, 18 controls and 19 alcoholics. All subjects underwent an anthropometric assessment and dietary history. Lactulose/mannitol test was performed during the third day of abstinence in alcoholics. After an 8 hour overnight fast, subjects drank 200 ml of a solution containing 5 g lactulose and 5 g mannitol. Subsequently, urine was collected during the following 5 hours, where both sugars were measured by gas chromatography.

RESULTS

Median values of lactulose/mannitol ratio were similar in alcoholics and controls (0.011, range 0.005-0.071 vs 0.014, range 0.005-0.027 respectively). However, absolute urinary excretion of both lactulose and mannitol was lower in alcoholics. There was no relationship between nutritional status and urinary excretion of lactulose, mannitol or lactulose/mannitol ratio.

CONCLUSION

In these alcoholic patients, no changes were observed in intestinal permeability.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Instituto de Nutrición y Tecnología de los Alimentos y Campus Central, Facultad de Medicina, Universidad de Chile.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Comparative Study
English Abstract
Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

spa

PubMed ID

9515283

Citation

Hirsch, S, et al. "[Intestinal Permeability in Alcoholic Patients Without Liver Damage]." Revista Medica De Chile, vol. 125, no. 6, 1997, pp. 653-8.
Hirsch S, Cháves G, Gotteland M, et al. [Intestinal permeability in alcoholic patients without liver damage]. Rev Med Chil. 1997;125(6):653-8.
Hirsch, S., Cháves, G., Gotteland, M., de la Maza, P., Petermann, M., Barrera, P., & Bunout, D. (1997). [Intestinal permeability in alcoholic patients without liver damage]. Revista Medica De Chile, 125(6), 653-8.
Hirsch S, et al. [Intestinal Permeability in Alcoholic Patients Without Liver Damage]. Rev Med Chil. 1997;125(6):653-8. PubMed PMID: 9515283.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - [Intestinal permeability in alcoholic patients without liver damage]. AU - Hirsch,S, AU - Cháves,G, AU - Gotteland,M, AU - de la Maza,P, AU - Petermann,M, AU - Barrera,P, AU - Bunout,D, PY - 1997/6/1/pubmed PY - 1998/3/27/medline PY - 1997/6/1/entrez SP - 653 EP - 8 JF - Revista medica de Chile JO - Rev Med Chil VL - 125 IS - 6 N2 - BACKGROUND: Chronic alcoholism may increase intestinal permeability. However, there are few studies of intestinal permeability in chronic alcoholic subjects. AIM: To study intestinal permeability in chronic alcoholic patients without clinical evidences of liver damage, during early abstinence, and in normal subjects. METHODS: Thirty seven male subjects were studied, 18 controls and 19 alcoholics. All subjects underwent an anthropometric assessment and dietary history. Lactulose/mannitol test was performed during the third day of abstinence in alcoholics. After an 8 hour overnight fast, subjects drank 200 ml of a solution containing 5 g lactulose and 5 g mannitol. Subsequently, urine was collected during the following 5 hours, where both sugars were measured by gas chromatography. RESULTS: Median values of lactulose/mannitol ratio were similar in alcoholics and controls (0.011, range 0.005-0.071 vs 0.014, range 0.005-0.027 respectively). However, absolute urinary excretion of both lactulose and mannitol was lower in alcoholics. There was no relationship between nutritional status and urinary excretion of lactulose, mannitol or lactulose/mannitol ratio. CONCLUSION: In these alcoholic patients, no changes were observed in intestinal permeability. SN - 0034-9887 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/9515283/[Intestinal_permeability_in_alcoholic_patients_without_liver_damage]_ L2 - https://ClinicalTrials.gov/search/term=9515283 [PUBMED-IDS] DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -