Analysis of histopathological features of endometrioid uterine carcinomas and epidemiologic risk factors.Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev. 1998 Mar; 7(3):231-5.CE
A large case-control study was performed to determine whether risk factors for endometrioid carcinoma, the most common type of endometrial cancer, vary according to the histological features of the tumor. Study subjects consisted of 328 women with newly diagnosed endometrioid adenocarcinoma and 320 population-based control subjects. Variables studied included age at menarche, menopausal estrogen use, weight, parity, cigarette smoking, and oral contraceptive use. The risk factor profile for endometrioid carcinomas with and without squamous differentiation was very similar. No striking differences in risk factors were observed between endometrioid cancers with and without adjacent endometrial hyperplasia. Finally, none of the risk factors varied substantially between early-stage and late-stage tumors or low-grade and high-grade tumors. In summary, this study indicates that risk factors for endometrioid carcinomas are not related to the morphological features of the tumor.