HLA-DQA1*0501 and DQB1*02 homozygosity and disease susceptibility in Spanish coeliac patients.Exp Clin Immunogenet. 1997; 14(4):286-90.EC
Coeliac disease (CD) susceptibility is strongly associated with HLA-DQA1*0501 and DQB1*02 alleles. There are discordant reports on whether homozygosity increases the risk. We genotyped HLA-DQA1*0501 and DQB1*02 in 50 CD patients, 100 parents, and 50 controls. Most patients (96%) were positive for DQA1*0501 (RR = 18.07, p < 0.001), 94% for DQB1*02 (RR = 17.55, p < 0.001), and 92% for both alleles together (RR = 31.82, p < 0.001). DQA1*0501 was found in 52% of controls, DQB1*02 in 44%, and only 24% had both alleles. Patients homozygosity or heterozygosity was estimated by assessing-in each case-whether one or both parents were carriers of the allele of risk. The frequencies of parents both positive for DQA1*0501 (58%) and for DQB1*02 (53.1%) were higher than expected by the fact that the proband is a carrier. These findings suggest that the frequency of homozygosity is increased among CD patients, and therefore, homozygosity for either DQA1*0501 or DQB1*02 represents a risk factor added to the fact of being a carrier.