Pubovaginal fascial slings.Tech Urol. 1997 Winter; 3(4):195-201.TU
The first pubovaginal fascial sling was reported in 1907, however, until recently this procedure was rarely utilized except after other incontinence procedures had failed. Currently, a pubovaginal sling is indicated as the primary incontinence procedure if intrinsic sphincter deficiency or coexisting intrinsic sphincter deficiency and urethral hypermobility are diagnosed preoperatively. Additionally, incontinence secondary to urethral hypermobility should be treated with a pubovaginal sling if the patient has a high risk of postoperative failure due to obesity, chronic cough, or repetitive strenuous activity. Pubovaginal slings are relatively easy to perform and yield reliably good results with minimal morbidity. We describe our current technique and results using pubovaginal slings for stress incontinence in women.