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Marital interactions of male versus female alcoholics.
Fam Process. 1997 Dec; 36(4):385-402.FP

Abstract

This study assessed the interactions of 131 alcoholic and nonalcoholic couples as they engaged in discussions of personally relevant problems. For 50 couples, the husband was alcoholic; for 15 couples, the wife was alcoholic; for 16 couples, both spouses were alcoholics; and for 50 couples, neither spouse was alcoholic. Observations were conducted during sessions when alcohol was consumed and in nondrinking sessions. Female alcoholic couples (with nonalcoholic spouses) demonstrated high negativity in the "no-drink" session, which was normalized in the drink session, suggesting an adaptive function to alcohol use. Concordant couples (both members were alcoholic) also demonstrated high negativity in the no-drink session, but exhibited increased negativity in the drink session, suggesting that concordance has a maladaptive impact on marital interaction. All alcoholic groups demonstrated greater negativity and lower positivity and congeniality in their marital interactions compared to nonalcoholic couples. Couples with male alcoholics were the least divergent from normal control couples. Unique female patterns in alcoholism are discussed in terms of adaptive and reinforcing patterns and spousal influences.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Pacific Graduate School of Psychology, Palo Alto, California, USA. rhaber@odd.stanford.eduNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Clinical Trial
Comparative Study
Controlled Clinical Trial
Journal Article
Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.
Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

Language

eng

PubMed ID

9543660

Citation

Haber, J R., and T Jacob. "Marital Interactions of Male Versus Female Alcoholics." Family Process, vol. 36, no. 4, 1997, pp. 385-402.
Haber JR, Jacob T. Marital interactions of male versus female alcoholics. Fam Process. 1997;36(4):385-402.
Haber, J. R., & Jacob, T. (1997). Marital interactions of male versus female alcoholics. Family Process, 36(4), 385-402.
Haber JR, Jacob T. Marital Interactions of Male Versus Female Alcoholics. Fam Process. 1997;36(4):385-402. PubMed PMID: 9543660.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Marital interactions of male versus female alcoholics. AU - Haber,J R, AU - Jacob,T, PY - 1998/4/17/pubmed PY - 1998/4/17/medline PY - 1998/4/17/entrez SP - 385 EP - 402 JF - Family process JO - Fam Process VL - 36 IS - 4 N2 - This study assessed the interactions of 131 alcoholic and nonalcoholic couples as they engaged in discussions of personally relevant problems. For 50 couples, the husband was alcoholic; for 15 couples, the wife was alcoholic; for 16 couples, both spouses were alcoholics; and for 50 couples, neither spouse was alcoholic. Observations were conducted during sessions when alcohol was consumed and in nondrinking sessions. Female alcoholic couples (with nonalcoholic spouses) demonstrated high negativity in the "no-drink" session, which was normalized in the drink session, suggesting an adaptive function to alcohol use. Concordant couples (both members were alcoholic) also demonstrated high negativity in the no-drink session, but exhibited increased negativity in the drink session, suggesting that concordance has a maladaptive impact on marital interaction. All alcoholic groups demonstrated greater negativity and lower positivity and congeniality in their marital interactions compared to nonalcoholic couples. Couples with male alcoholics were the least divergent from normal control couples. Unique female patterns in alcoholism are discussed in terms of adaptive and reinforcing patterns and spousal influences. SN - 0014-7370 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/9543660/Marital_interactions_of_male_versus_female_alcoholics_ L2 - https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/resolve/openurl?genre=article&sid=nlm:pubmed&issn=0014-7370&date=1997&volume=36&issue=4&spage=385 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -