Previously undescribed spondyloepiphyseal dysplasia associated with craniosynostosis, cataracts, cleft palate, and mental retardation: report of four sibs.Am J Med Genet. 1998 Apr 28; 77(1):1-7.AJ
We report on four Japanese sibs (three brothers and one sister) with a previously unreported syndrome of spondyloepiphyseal dysplasia, craniosynostosis, cataracts, cleft palate, and mental retardation. Most clinical manifestations were evident neonatally, but skeletal changes and cataracts became substantial in early childhood. Radiological anomalies comprised coronal synostosis, mild epiphyseal dysplasia, particularly in the distal tibiae, strikingly delayed patellar ossification, mild metaphyseal splaying, hypoplastic ilia with iliac flare, and platyspondyly with ovoid-shaped or posteriorly humped vertebral bodies. The nonconsanguineous parents were mildly mentally retarded, and sibs of both gender were equally affected; thus, inheritance was likely autosomal recessive.