Inhibition of peroxynitrite dependent tyrosine nitration by hydroxycinnamates: nitration or electron donation?Free Radic Biol Med. 1998 Mar 01; 24(4):594-606.FR
Peroxynitrite is a cytotoxic species generated by the reaction between superoxide and nitric oxide. In this study the ability of hydroxycinnamate antioxidants to decrease peroxynitrite-mediated nitration of tyrosine was investigated. The results obtained show that all compounds were able to inhibit nitration of tyrosine. The potency of inhibitory activity was in the order; caffeic acid > or = chlorogenic acid > or = ferulic acid > p-coumaric acid > ocoumaric acid > m-coumaric acid. Trolox, which was included in the study for comparative purposes, had an activity between that of ferulic acid and p-coumaric acid. The data obtained suggest that hydroxycinnamates can act by one of two possible mechanisms: preferential nitration for monophenolates and electron donation by catecholates.