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Effectiveness of electronic dental anesthesia for restorative care in children.
Pediatr Dent. 1998 Mar-Apr; 20(2):105-11.PD

Abstract

The effectiveness of electronic dental anesthesia (EDA) for pain control during restorative procedures was compared with local anesthetic injection (LA) in 32 children aged 6 to 12 years. Each child selected had two antimere primary or permanent molars requiring similar-sized Class I or Class II restorations. The pain levels during restorative treatment were assessed using a visual analogue scale. Heart rates and behavior were also recorded. A crossover design was used with each child acting as his/her own control. The results showed that overall, EDA was less effective than LA for cavity preparation. The reported pain scores for EDA were higher in permanent teeth for the deeper cavities, and with one of the operators. The pre- or post-treatment anxiety scores were not found to differ significantly between the two restorative appointments. However, children with the highest pretreatment scores were more likely to report higher pain scores with EDA. Despite this, 63% of the children preferred EDA to LA. Dental anxiety, cavity depth, the tooth being treated, and operator attitude may also be important factors in determining the success of EDA.

Authors+Show Affiliations

School of Medicine, University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Clinical Trial
Comparative Study
Journal Article
Randomized Controlled Trial
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

9566014

Citation

Cho, S Y., et al. "Effectiveness of Electronic Dental Anesthesia for Restorative Care in Children." Pediatric Dentistry, vol. 20, no. 2, 1998, pp. 105-11.
Cho SY, Drummond BK, Anderson MH, et al. Effectiveness of electronic dental anesthesia for restorative care in children. Pediatr Dent. 1998;20(2):105-11.
Cho, S. Y., Drummond, B. K., Anderson, M. H., & Williams, S. (1998). Effectiveness of electronic dental anesthesia for restorative care in children. Pediatric Dentistry, 20(2), 105-11.
Cho SY, et al. Effectiveness of Electronic Dental Anesthesia for Restorative Care in Children. Pediatr Dent. 1998 Mar-Apr;20(2):105-11. PubMed PMID: 9566014.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Effectiveness of electronic dental anesthesia for restorative care in children. AU - Cho,S Y, AU - Drummond,B K, AU - Anderson,M H, AU - Williams,S, PY - 1998/5/5/pubmed PY - 1998/5/5/medline PY - 1998/5/5/entrez SP - 105 EP - 11 JF - Pediatric dentistry JO - Pediatr Dent VL - 20 IS - 2 N2 - The effectiveness of electronic dental anesthesia (EDA) for pain control during restorative procedures was compared with local anesthetic injection (LA) in 32 children aged 6 to 12 years. Each child selected had two antimere primary or permanent molars requiring similar-sized Class I or Class II restorations. The pain levels during restorative treatment were assessed using a visual analogue scale. Heart rates and behavior were also recorded. A crossover design was used with each child acting as his/her own control. The results showed that overall, EDA was less effective than LA for cavity preparation. The reported pain scores for EDA were higher in permanent teeth for the deeper cavities, and with one of the operators. The pre- or post-treatment anxiety scores were not found to differ significantly between the two restorative appointments. However, children with the highest pretreatment scores were more likely to report higher pain scores with EDA. Despite this, 63% of the children preferred EDA to LA. Dental anxiety, cavity depth, the tooth being treated, and operator attitude may also be important factors in determining the success of EDA. SN - 0164-1263 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/9566014/Effectiveness_of_electronic_dental_anesthesia_for_restorative_care_in_children_ L2 - https://ClinicalTrials.gov/search/term=9566014 [PUBMED-IDS] DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -