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Firearm suicides and homicides in the United States: regional variations and patterns of gun ownership.
Soc Sci Med 1998; 46(9):1227-33SS

Abstract

Among industrialized countries, the United States has the highest rates of firearm suicide and homicide, as well as the highest rate of gun ownership. The present study compares the differential impact of gun availability on firearm suicides and homicides in the U.S. Using data from the NCHS Mortality Detail Files (1989-1991), the 1990 U.S. census population estimates, and the General Social Surveys (1989-1991) for nine geographic divisions, we computed rates of firearm and non-firearm suicides and homicides as well as rates of gun ownership for four gender-race groups. We tested the strength of the associations between gun availability and firearm suicide and homicide rates by computing the Spearman correlation coefficients. To help elucidate the role of method substitution, we conducted similar analyses on non-firearm suicide and homicide. The results show that gun ownership has a stronger impact on firearm suicides than homicides. These findings held up after stratifying by gender and race. The study suggests that reducing the aggregate level of gun availability may decrease the risk of firearm-related deaths.

Authors+Show Affiliations

School of Community Health, College of Urban and Public Affairs, Portland State University, OR 97207-0751, USA.No affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

9572612

Citation

Kaplan, M S., and O Geling. "Firearm Suicides and Homicides in the United States: Regional Variations and Patterns of Gun Ownership." Social Science & Medicine (1982), vol. 46, no. 9, 1998, pp. 1227-33.
Kaplan MS, Geling O. Firearm suicides and homicides in the United States: regional variations and patterns of gun ownership. Soc Sci Med. 1998;46(9):1227-33.
Kaplan, M. S., & Geling, O. (1998). Firearm suicides and homicides in the United States: regional variations and patterns of gun ownership. Social Science & Medicine (1982), 46(9), pp. 1227-33.
Kaplan MS, Geling O. Firearm Suicides and Homicides in the United States: Regional Variations and Patterns of Gun Ownership. Soc Sci Med. 1998;46(9):1227-33. PubMed PMID: 9572612.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Firearm suicides and homicides in the United States: regional variations and patterns of gun ownership. AU - Kaplan,M S, AU - Geling,O, PY - 1998/5/8/pubmed PY - 1998/5/8/medline PY - 1998/5/8/entrez SP - 1227 EP - 33 JF - Social science & medicine (1982) JO - Soc Sci Med VL - 46 IS - 9 N2 - Among industrialized countries, the United States has the highest rates of firearm suicide and homicide, as well as the highest rate of gun ownership. The present study compares the differential impact of gun availability on firearm suicides and homicides in the U.S. Using data from the NCHS Mortality Detail Files (1989-1991), the 1990 U.S. census population estimates, and the General Social Surveys (1989-1991) for nine geographic divisions, we computed rates of firearm and non-firearm suicides and homicides as well as rates of gun ownership for four gender-race groups. We tested the strength of the associations between gun availability and firearm suicide and homicide rates by computing the Spearman correlation coefficients. To help elucidate the role of method substitution, we conducted similar analyses on non-firearm suicide and homicide. The results show that gun ownership has a stronger impact on firearm suicides than homicides. These findings held up after stratifying by gender and race. The study suggests that reducing the aggregate level of gun availability may decrease the risk of firearm-related deaths. SN - 0277-9536 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/9572612/Firearm_suicides_and_homicides_in_the_United_States:_regional_variations_and_patterns_of_gun_ownership_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S027795369710051X DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -