Phosphorylation destabilizes the amino-terminal domain of enzyme I of the Escherichia coli phosphoenolpyruvate:sugar phosphotransferase system.Biochemistry. 1998 May 12; 37(19):6718-26.B
Thermal stabilities of enzyme I (63 562 M(r) subunit, in the Escherichia coli phosphoenolpyruvate (PEP):sugar phosphotransferase system (PTS), and a cloned amino-terminal domain of enzyme I (EIN; 28 346 Mr) were investigated by differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and far-UV circular dichroism (CD) at pH 7.5. EIN expressed in a delta pts E. coli strain showed a single, reversible, two-state transition with Tm = 57 degrees C and an unfolding enthalpy of approximately 140 kcal/mol. In contrast, monomeric EIN expressed in a wild-type strain (pts+) had two endotherms with Tm congruent with 50 and 57 degrees C and overall delta H = 140 kcal/mol and was converted completely to the more stable form after five DSC scans from 10 to 75 degrees C (without changes in CD: approximately 58% alpha-helices). Thermal conversion to a more stable form was correlated with dephosphorylation of EIN by mass spectral analysis. Dephospho-enzyme I (monomer right arrow over left arrow dimer) exhibited endotherms for C- and N-terminal domain unfolding with Tm = 41 and 54 degrees C, respectively. Thermal unfolding of the C-terminal domain occurred over a broad temperature range (approximately 30-50 degrees C), was scan rate- and concentration-dependent, coincident with a light scattering decrease and Trp residue exposure, and independent of phosphorylation. Reversible thermal unfolding of the nonphosphorylated N-terminal domain was more cooperative, occurring from 50 to 60 degrees C. DSC of partially phosphorylated enzyme I indicated that the amino-terminal domain was destabilized by phosphorylation (from Tm = 54 to approximately 48 degrees C). A decrease in conformational stability of the amino-terminal domain of enzyme I produced by phosphorylation of the active-site His 189 has the physiological consequence of promoting phosphotransfer to the phosphocarrier protein, HP(r).