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Fruit and vegetable consumption of rural African Americans: baseline survey results of the Black Churches United for Better Health 5 A Day Project.

Abstract

The objective of this study was to determine baseline fruit and vegetable consumption (total and specific) among rural African Americans participating in a 5 A Day intervention study and factors associated with this dietary intake. A telephone survey was administered to 3,737 adult members of 50 black churches from 10 rural counties in North Carolina. The survey measured demographic characteristics, knowledge and beliefs regarding cancer and nutrition, and food-frequency data related specifically to fruit and vegetable consumption. Associations between fruit and vegetable consumption and income, education, age, gender, marital status, the presence of children within the household, and awareness of the 5 A Day program were explored using descriptive and regression analyses. Food-frequency data showed a mean intake of 3.7 +/- 2.4 daily servings of fruits and vegetables within this population of rural African Americans. Twenty-three percent of the participants reported eating five or more daily servings of fruits and vegetables. Significant associations were found between fruit and vegetable intake and both age and gender (p < 0.001), with older females consuming the most and younger males consuming the least fruits and vegetables. Findings from this rural African American population parallel national studies showing that US intake of fruits and vegetables falls short of the 5 A Day guidelines. Female gender and advancing age were positively associated with fruit and vegetable intake. Study results reinforce the need to promote the 5 A Day message. Such messages may prove most beneficial if targeted toward younger adult males, whose fruit and vegetable intakes are especially low.

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  • Publisher Full Text
  • Authors+Show Affiliations

    ,

    North Carolina State University, Raleigh, NC 27695-7605, USA.

    , , ,

    Source

    Nutrition and cancer 30:2 1998 pg 148-57

    MeSH

    Adolescent
    Adult
    African Americans
    Aged
    Aging
    Diet
    Female
    Fruit
    Health Promotion
    Humans
    Income
    Male
    Middle Aged
    Nutrition Policy
    Religion
    Rural Population
    Sex Characteristics
    Vegetables

    Pub Type(s)

    Journal Article
    Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

    Language

    eng

    PubMed ID

    9589434

    Citation

    McClelland, J W., et al. "Fruit and Vegetable Consumption of Rural African Americans: Baseline Survey Results of the Black Churches United for Better Health 5 a Day Project." Nutrition and Cancer, vol. 30, no. 2, 1998, pp. 148-57.
    McClelland JW, Demark-Wahnefried W, Mustian RD, et al. Fruit and vegetable consumption of rural African Americans: baseline survey results of the Black Churches United for Better Health 5 A Day Project. Nutr Cancer. 1998;30(2):148-57.
    McClelland, J. W., Demark-Wahnefried, W., Mustian, R. D., Cowan, A. T., & Campbell, M. K. (1998). Fruit and vegetable consumption of rural African Americans: baseline survey results of the Black Churches United for Better Health 5 A Day Project. Nutrition and Cancer, 30(2), pp. 148-57.
    McClelland JW, et al. Fruit and Vegetable Consumption of Rural African Americans: Baseline Survey Results of the Black Churches United for Better Health 5 a Day Project. Nutr Cancer. 1998;30(2):148-57. PubMed PMID: 9589434.
    * Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
    TY - JOUR T1 - Fruit and vegetable consumption of rural African Americans: baseline survey results of the Black Churches United for Better Health 5 A Day Project. AU - McClelland,J W, AU - Demark-Wahnefried,W, AU - Mustian,R D, AU - Cowan,A T, AU - Campbell,M K, PY - 1998/5/20/pubmed PY - 1998/5/20/medline PY - 1998/5/20/entrez SP - 148 EP - 57 JF - Nutrition and cancer JO - Nutr Cancer VL - 30 IS - 2 N2 - The objective of this study was to determine baseline fruit and vegetable consumption (total and specific) among rural African Americans participating in a 5 A Day intervention study and factors associated with this dietary intake. A telephone survey was administered to 3,737 adult members of 50 black churches from 10 rural counties in North Carolina. The survey measured demographic characteristics, knowledge and beliefs regarding cancer and nutrition, and food-frequency data related specifically to fruit and vegetable consumption. Associations between fruit and vegetable consumption and income, education, age, gender, marital status, the presence of children within the household, and awareness of the 5 A Day program were explored using descriptive and regression analyses. Food-frequency data showed a mean intake of 3.7 +/- 2.4 daily servings of fruits and vegetables within this population of rural African Americans. Twenty-three percent of the participants reported eating five or more daily servings of fruits and vegetables. Significant associations were found between fruit and vegetable intake and both age and gender (p < 0.001), with older females consuming the most and younger males consuming the least fruits and vegetables. Findings from this rural African American population parallel national studies showing that US intake of fruits and vegetables falls short of the 5 A Day guidelines. Female gender and advancing age were positively associated with fruit and vegetable intake. Study results reinforce the need to promote the 5 A Day message. Such messages may prove most beneficial if targeted toward younger adult males, whose fruit and vegetable intakes are especially low. SN - 0163-5581 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/9589434/Fruit_and_vegetable_consumption_of_rural_African_Americans:_baseline_survey_results_of_the_Black_Churches_United_for_Better_Health_5_A_Day_Project_ L2 - http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/01635589809514655 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -