SU-840, a novel synthetic flavonoid derivative of sophoradin, with potent gastroprotective and ulcer healing activity.J Physiol Pharmacol. 1998 Mar; 49(1):83-98.JP
Flavonois derived from sophoradine are known to exhibit gastroprotective and ulcer healing properties but the mechanism of these actions are not fully explained. In this study we determined the effect of novel flavonoid derivative of sophoradin, SU-840, on gastric secretion, acute gastric lesions induced by acid-independent (100% ethanol) or acid-dependent ulcerogens (acidified aspirin (ASA) and stress) and on the healing of chronic gastric ulcers in rats. The number and area of gastric lesions was determined by planimetry, gastric blood flow (GBF) was measured using H2-gas clearance technique and the mucosal samples were excised for the measurement of PGE2 generation by radioimmunoassay. Exposure of rats to 100% ethanol or acidified ASA (100 mg/kg dissolved in 0.2 N HCl) or to water immersion and restraint stress (WRS) resulted in hemorrhagic gastric lesions accompanied by drastic fall in the GBF as compared to the values recorded in vehicle treated gastric mucosa. SU-840 (6.25-100 mg/kg i.g.) reduced dose-dependently gastric acid and pepsin secretion and gastric lesions induced by ethanol, acidified ASA and WRS, the dose inhibiting by 50% of these lesions (ID50) being 28, 17 and 95 mg/kg, respectively. This protection required much lower doses as compared to original sofalcone or sucralfate and was obtained when this sofalcone-like drug was administered via parenteral route. The protective effect of SU-840 given i.g. or i.p. was accompanied by a marked rise in the GBF and mucosal generation of PGE2. The protective activity of SU-840 showed longer duration of the action than that of sofalcone and occurred in the doses that failed to affect gastric secretion. Pretreatment with indomethacin to suppress endogenous PG reversed completely the protective and hyperemic effects of SU-840 against ethanol and stress induced damage whereas L-NNA, a potent inhibitor of NO-synthase, failed to affect protection but completely abolished the hyperemia evoked by this agent. NEM, an sulfhydryl alkylator, significantly attenuated the protective and hyperemic effects of SU-840 suggesting that endogenous sulfhydryls are involved in these effects. Seven day treatment with SU-840 accelerated significantly healing rate of chronic gastric ulcers and increased the GBF at the ulcer crater and ulcer margin. These effects were reversed by L-NNA and further restored by the addition to L-NNA of L-arginine, a substrate for NO-synthase. We conclude that SU-840 exhibits gastroprotective and hyperemic activity against acid-independent and acid-dependent irritants involving endogenous PG, sulfhydryls and hyperemia mediated by NO and 2) enhancement in gastric blood flow in the ulcer area mediated by NO appears to be essential for the acceleration of the ulcer healing by SU-840.