Granulomatous epididymo-orchitis: sonographic features and clinical outcome in brucellosis, tuberculosis and idiopathic granulomatous epididymo-orchitis.J Urol. 1998 Jun; 159(6):1954-7.JU
We reviewed and analyzed sonographic findings in granulomatous epididymo-orchitis in an attempt to differentiate this rare inflammatory entity from other causes of enlarged scrotum, such as tumors.
MATERIALS AND METHODS
We retrospectively reviewed sonographic features of 9 patients a mean of 41 years old with specific and nonspecific granulomatous epididymo-orchitis, including brucellosis in 7, tuberculosis in 1 and idiopathic granulomatous epididymo-orchitis in 1. Histological confirmation was obtained in 3 cases, and in the remaining 6 positive clinical manifestations and laboratory tests for brucellosis were accepted as the main criteria for the diagnosis of brucellar epididymo-orchitis.
The most notable echographic finding was an enlarged and heterogeneous epididymis, predominantly in the body and tail. Testicular involvement consisted of a diffusely hypoechoic testis or focal intratesticular areas. Thickening of the scrotal wall and tunica albuginea, and moderate hydrocele were also noted occasionally. Followup scans revealed intratesticular abscesses in 3 patients.
These echographic findings may suggest the diagnosis of granulomatous epididymo-orchitis in the appropriate clinical setting, and help to avoid unnecessary orchiectomy for benign disease.