IL-10-mediated suppression of TNF-alpha production is independent of its ability to inhibit NF kappa B activity.Eur J Immunol. 1998 May; 28(5):1719-26.EJ
IL-10 has a well-characterized anti-inflammatory role that includes the suppression of inflammatory cytokine (e.g. TNF-alpha) production by monocytic/macrophage cells. Both transcriptional and post-transcriptional/translational mechanisms have been proposed to explain this process. In this study we observed that IL-10 inhibited nuclear NF kappa B DNA binding activity without affecting I kappa B degradation or translocation of NF kappa B subunits to the nucleus. While the suppression of NF kappa B in 70Z/3 pre-B cells correlated with suppression of NF kappa B transcriptional activity and expression of surface IgM, it did not correlate with the production of TNF-alpha mRNA or protein in RAW 264.7 macrophages. Similar observations in the macrophages were made with a second anti-inflammatory cytokine, IL-4. Therefore we conclude that although IL-10 or IL-4 can suppress NF kappa B activity, this appears to have little effect on the expression of the TNF-alpha gene and is unlikely to be the basis of the anti-inflammatory effects of these cytokines.