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Volume of food consumed affects satiety in men.
Am J Clin Nutr 1998; 67(6):1170-7AJ

Abstract

This study tested the hypothesis that the amount (weight or volume) of food consumed affects the satiating potency of a food, independent of its energy content. Normal-weight young men (n = 20) were tested in a within-subjects design. Subjects were served a milk-based drink or no drink (control), followed 30 min later by a self-selected lunch and > 4 h later by a self-selected dinner. Milk drinks were equal in energy content (2088 kJ, or 499 kcal) and had similar proportions of fat (30.3%), carbohydrate (54.7%), and protein (15%) across three volumes: 300, 450, and 600 mL. Ratings of palatability, sensory properties, and energy content of the drinks and of hunger completed before consumption of the preloads were not significantly different among conditions. The results showed that preload volume affected energy intake at lunch (P < or = 0.009) such that energy intake was less after the 600-mL preload than after the 300-mL preload. This effect was still present when energy intake at dinner was included (P < or = 0.022). At lunch, including energy from the preload, subjects overate relative to the control condition (4323 +/- 322 kJ) after the 300- (5263 +/- 321 kJ) and 450-mL (5011 +/- 300 kJ) preloads but not after the 600-mL (4703 +/- 353 kJ) preload. Thus, the best adjustment for the energy in the preloads was with the largest, least energy-dense drink. Consistent with the effects on intake, the volume of the drinks affected ratings of hunger and fullness. These results indicate that the volume consumed is an important determinant of satiety after milk drinks under these conditions.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Nutrition Department, Pennsylvania State University, University Park 16802-6501, USA. bjr4@psu.eduNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Clinical Trial
Comparative Study
Controlled Clinical Trial
Journal Article
Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

Language

eng

PubMed ID

9625090

Citation

Rolls, B J., et al. "Volume of Food Consumed Affects Satiety in Men." The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, vol. 67, no. 6, 1998, pp. 1170-7.
Rolls BJ, Castellanos VH, Halford JC, et al. Volume of food consumed affects satiety in men. Am J Clin Nutr. 1998;67(6):1170-7.
Rolls, B. J., Castellanos, V. H., Halford, J. C., Kilara, A., Panyam, D., Pelkman, C. L., ... Thorwart, M. L. (1998). Volume of food consumed affects satiety in men. The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 67(6), pp. 1170-7.
Rolls BJ, et al. Volume of Food Consumed Affects Satiety in Men. Am J Clin Nutr. 1998;67(6):1170-7. PubMed PMID: 9625090.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Volume of food consumed affects satiety in men. AU - Rolls,B J, AU - Castellanos,V H, AU - Halford,J C, AU - Kilara,A, AU - Panyam,D, AU - Pelkman,C L, AU - Smith,G P, AU - Thorwart,M L, PY - 1998/6/13/pubmed PY - 1998/6/13/medline PY - 1998/6/13/entrez SP - 1170 EP - 7 JF - The American journal of clinical nutrition JO - Am. J. Clin. Nutr. VL - 67 IS - 6 N2 - This study tested the hypothesis that the amount (weight or volume) of food consumed affects the satiating potency of a food, independent of its energy content. Normal-weight young men (n = 20) were tested in a within-subjects design. Subjects were served a milk-based drink or no drink (control), followed 30 min later by a self-selected lunch and > 4 h later by a self-selected dinner. Milk drinks were equal in energy content (2088 kJ, or 499 kcal) and had similar proportions of fat (30.3%), carbohydrate (54.7%), and protein (15%) across three volumes: 300, 450, and 600 mL. Ratings of palatability, sensory properties, and energy content of the drinks and of hunger completed before consumption of the preloads were not significantly different among conditions. The results showed that preload volume affected energy intake at lunch (P < or = 0.009) such that energy intake was less after the 600-mL preload than after the 300-mL preload. This effect was still present when energy intake at dinner was included (P < or = 0.022). At lunch, including energy from the preload, subjects overate relative to the control condition (4323 +/- 322 kJ) after the 300- (5263 +/- 321 kJ) and 450-mL (5011 +/- 300 kJ) preloads but not after the 600-mL (4703 +/- 353 kJ) preload. Thus, the best adjustment for the energy in the preloads was with the largest, least energy-dense drink. Consistent with the effects on intake, the volume of the drinks affected ratings of hunger and fullness. These results indicate that the volume consumed is an important determinant of satiety after milk drinks under these conditions. SN - 0002-9165 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/9625090/Volume_of_food_consumed_affects_satiety_in_men_ L2 - https://academic.oup.com/ajcn/article-lookup/doi/10.1093/ajcn/67.6.1170 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -